Nora Babudri

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The sequencing of entire human mitochondrial DNAs belonging to haplogroup U reveals that this clade arose shortly after the "out of Africa" exit and rapidly radiated into numerous regionally distinct subclades. Intriguingly, the Saami of Scandinavia and the Berbers of North Africa were found to share an extremely young branch, aged merely approximately(More)
Pan-American mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup C1 has been recently subdivided into three branches, two of which (C1b and C1c) are characterized by ages and geographical distributions that are indicative of an early arrival from Beringia with Paleo-Indians. In contrast, the estimated ages of C1d--the third subset of C1--looked too young to fit the above(More)
Since endogenous glutathione (GSH), the main non-protein intracellular thiol compound, is known to provide protection against reactive radical species, its depletion by diethylmaleate (DEM) was used to assess the role of free radical formation mediated by doxorubicin in DNA damage, cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of the anthracycline. Subtoxic concentrations(More)
In this study we show that thermotolerance and thermoresistance of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisae is enhanced when cells are in colonial condition. We also describe a method to select stable thermoresistant mutants which produce colonies from single plated cells at a temperature 2.5 degrees C higher than the maximum growth temperature of their parental(More)
In order to understand the role of yeast polymerases in spontaneous mutagenesis in non-growing cells we have studied the effects of mutations that impair the 3'--> 5' exonuclease function of polymerases delta (pol3-01) and epsilon (pol2-4) on the spontaneous reversion frequency of the frameshift mutation his7-2 in cells starved for histidine. We showed that(More)
It has been suggested that conditions which lead to modifications in the chromatin structure could be responsible for an increased accessibility of DNA to genotoxic agents in eukaryotic cells. With this in mind, the cytotoxic and mutagenic activity of the anthracycline antibiotic, daunorubicin, and of UV radiation was assayed on V79 Chinese hamster cells(More)
The spontaneous and UV-induced frequencies of recessive mutations have been studied in a diploid strain of Aspergillus nidulans, by the p-fluoro-phenylalanine (FPA) and 8-azaguanine (8-AZA) resistance tests, on either resting or germinating conidia. Observed frequencies are in the order of magnitude of those expected, which have been calculated considering(More)
The composition of the effluents from incineration plants has been studied by several authors, and some chemical compounds have been identified as hazardous to the health of the people living in the environs of such plants. On the other hand, very little is known about the chemical risks for the people working inside the incineration plants. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Mutagenesis induced in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by starvation for nutrilites is a well-documented phenomenon of an unknown mechanism. We have previously shown that the polymerase delta proofreading activity controls spontaneous mutagenesis in cells starved for histidine. To obtain further information, we compared the effect of adenine(More)
pKM101, a plasmid R factor of the N compatibility group increases methylmethane sulfonate mutagenesis and diminishes UV-killing in recA+ LEX+ and recA+ lex- strains, , but not in recA-lex+ strains. The induction of a "reclex" dependent colicin is not present in lex- strains carrying the pKM101 factor. These facts indicate that pKM101 acts through an(More)