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In experiments designed to investigate the relationship between stress and the acquisition of new fear memories, it was found that previous exposure to a restraint session increased fear conditioning in a contextual fear paradigm. Moreover, the infusion of bicuculline, a competitive antagonist of GABAA receptors, into the basolateral amygdala complex (BLA),(More)
Animals chronically administered with diazepam (DZM -- 2 mg/kg/day i.p.) or vehicle (VEH) for 21 days were tested in a fear-conditioning paradigm 4 days after the last administration. Increased freezing was observed in DZM withdrawn rats as compared to VEH injected control rats in both associative and nonassociative context and this increase was greatest(More)
The neural substrate underlying the aversive effects induced by ethanol abstinence is still unclear. One candidate for such effects is the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG), a core structure of the brain aversion system. The main aim of this study is to examine the role of the dPAG as a possible locus of the aversive effects following abrupt alcohol(More)
Previous research has demonstrated that suppression of inhibition in projection neurons of the basolateral complex of the amygdala (BLA) represents an essential mechanism underlying the emergence of negative emotional responses, including exaggerated fear and anxiety. The present work evaluates inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) in pyramidal(More)
Amyloid beta (Abeta) is a metabolic product of Abeta precursor protein (APP). Deposition of Abeta in the brain and neuronal degeneration are characteristic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Abeta induces neuronal degeneration, but the mechanism of neurotoxicity remains elusive. Increasing evidence implicates APP as a receptor-like protein for Abeta(More)
The influence of neuronal alterations induced by early undernutrition on the stimulant effect of cocaine was assessed in adult rats submitted to a protein deprivation schedule at perinatal age. To evaluate the sensitization phenomenon induced by repeated cocaine administration, different groups of control (C) and deprived (D) rats received a daily injection(More)
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