Nooshin Kiarashi

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PURPOSE Physical phantoms are essential for the development, optimization, and evaluation of x-ray breast imaging systems. Recognizing the major effect of anatomy on image quality and clinical performance, such phantoms should ideally reflect the three-dimensional structure of the human breast. Currently, there is no commercially available three-dimensional(More)
— This paper describes a novel approach to decentralized online optimization in a large network of agents. At each stage, the agents face a new objective function that reflects the effects of a changing environment, and each agent can share information pertaining to past decisions and cost functions only with his neighbors. These operating conditions arise(More)
PURPOSE The use of contrast agents in breast imaging has the capability of enhancing nodule detectability and providing physiological information. Accordingly, there has been a growing trend toward using iodine as a contrast medium in digital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). Widespread use raises concerns about the best way to use(More)
Mammography is currently the most widely utilized tool for detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. However, in women with dense breast tissue, tissue overlap may obscure lesions. Digital breast tomosynthesis can reduce tissue overlap. Furthermore, imaging with contrast enhancement can provide additional functional information about lesions, such as(More)
PURPOSE The authors are developing a series of computational breast phantoms based on breast CT data for imaging research. In this work, the authors develop a program that will allow a user to alter the phantoms to simulate the effect of gravity and compression of the breast (craniocaudal or mediolateral oblique) making the phantoms applicable to(More)
Given the large number of design parameters available to an x-ray imaging system innovator (x-ray spectrum, number of projection angles, angular range, dose and reconstruction algorithm, to name a few), simulation methods offer significant advantages over clinical studies for evaluation of the alternatives in terms of reproducibility, reduced radiation(More)
PURPOSE In medical imaging systems, proper rendition of anatomy is essential in discerning normal tissue from disease. Currently, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) systems are evaluated using subjective evaluation of lesion visibility in uniform phantoms. This study involved the development of a new methodology to objectively measure the rendition of a 3D(More)
This study aims to characterize the effect of background tissue density and heterogeneity on the detection of irregular masses in breast tomosynthesis, while demonstrating the capability of the sophisticated tools that can be used in the design, implementation, and performance analysis of virtual clinical trials (VCTs). Twenty breast phantoms from the(More)
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