Nooruddin Khan

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Here we have used a systems biology approach to study innate and adaptive responses to vaccination against influenza in humans during three consecutive influenza seasons. We studied healthy adults vaccinated with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) or live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). TIV induced higher antibody titers and more(More)
The functional interpretation of high throughput metabolomics by mass spectrometry is hindered by the identification of metabolites, a tedious and challenging task. We present a set of computational algorithms which, by leveraging the collective power of metabolic pathways and networks, predict functional activity directly from spectral feature tables(More)
The yellow fever vaccine YF-17D is one of the most successful vaccines ever developed in humans. Despite its efficacy and widespread use in more than 600 million people, the mechanisms by which it stimulates protective immunity remain poorly understood. Recent studies using systems biology approaches in humans have revealed that YF-17D-induced early(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is known to inhibit IL-12 production in macrophages primarily at the transcriptional level with the involvement of p50 and p65 nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). We demonstrate that the c-rel transcription factor also plays a major role in IL-10-mediated IL-12 suppression. Treatment of macrophages with recombinant IL-10 inhibited(More)
Accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) infection is critical for the treatment, prevention, and control of TB. Conventional diagnostic tests based on purified protein derivative (PPD) do not achieve the required diagnostic sensitivity. Therefore, in this study, we have evaluated the immunogenic properties of Rv1168c, a member of the PPE family, in(More)
The T-helper (Th) 1 T-cell response to purified protein derivative (PPD) is known to be suppressed in tuberculosis patients which favours intracellular survival of the bacilli. We demonstrate that the Mycobacterium tuberculosis heat shock protein 60 (Mtbhsp60) plays an important role to skew the anti-PPD T-cell response towards the Th2 type when macrophages(More)
The integrated stress response (ISR) is a homeostatic mechanism by which eukaryotic cells sense and respond to stress-inducing signals, such as amino acid starvation. General controlled non-repressed (GCN2) kinase is a key orchestrator of the ISR, and modulates protein synthesis in response to amino acid starvation. Here we demonstrate in mice that GCN2(More)
Dengue Viruses (DENVs) cause one of the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral diseases affecting millions of people worldwide. Identification of genes involved in DENV pathogenesis would help in deciphering molecular mechanisms responsible for the disease progression. Here, we carried out a meta-analysis of publicly available gene expression data of dengue(More)
Blocking T cell co-stimulatory signals by anti-B7-1/B7-2 mAb is an attractive approach to treat autoimmune diseases. However, anti-B7-1/B7-2 mAb treatment is known to exacerbate autoimmune diseases through mechanisms not fully understood. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) also play important roles in determining the(More)
Although the antimicrobial activity of reactive oxygen species (ROSs) is well defined, the role of ROSs in regulating the immune response of the body is not well understood. We now provide evidence that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a major component of ROSs, inhibits interleukin-12 (IL-12) p40 and IL-12 p70 induction in murine macrophages and catalase(More)