Noor L H Bekkali

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BACKGROUND The histamine-1 receptor (H1R) antagonist ketotifen increased the threshold of discomfort in hypersensitive IBS patients. The use of peripherally restricted and more selective H1R antagonists may further improve treatment possibilities. We examined the use of fexofenadine and ebastine to reverse post-stress visceral hypersensitivity in maternally(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an infant stool scale describing consistency, amount, and color and test its usefulness by assessing the differences between term and preterm infants, between breastfed and formula fed infants and examining interobserver and intraobserver variability. STUDY DESIGN Information about gestational age, postnatal age, and feeding type was(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term efficacy and safety of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in constipated children are unknown, and a head-to-head comparison of the different PEG formulations is lacking. We aimed to investigate noninferiority of PEG3350 with electrolytes (PEG3350 + E) compared to PEG4000 without electrolytes (PEG4000). METHODS In this double-blind trial,(More)
BACKGROUND Inconsistent data exist about the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of constipation. Several studies in adults with constipation showed positive effects of probiotics on constipation. Inconsistent data exist regarding the effect of a single probiotic strain in constipated children. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that enemas and polyethylene glycol (PEG) would be equally effective in treating rectal fecal impaction (RFI) but enemas would be less well tolerated and colonic transit time (CTT) would improve during disimpaction. METHODS Children (4-16 years) with functional constipation and RFI participated. One week before disimpaction, a(More)
Background Rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is now the standard of care to reduce the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Pancreatic duct stenting also reduces the risk of postERCP pancreatitis in high-risk patients, but failed pancreatic duct stenting carries an increased PEP rate (up to 35%). Study(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbance in fluid secretion, driven by chloride secretion, might play a role in constipation. However, disturbed chloride secretion in those patients has yet to be evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare chloride secretion in rectal biopsies of children with functional constipation (FC) to those without constipation. (More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria in children with morbid obesity and to evaluate by measuring colonic transit times (CTTs) whether decreased colonic motility is present in these children. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ninety-one children with morbid obesity ages 8 to 18(More)
BACKGROUND First passage of stool after birth, meconium, is delayed in preterm infants compared to term infants. The difference in duration of meconium passage until transition to normal stools has however never been assessed in preterm and term infants. HYPOTHESIS Preterm infants have prolonged duration of passage of meconium (PoM) compared to term(More)