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Adiponectin is an adipose-specific plasma protein whose plasma concentrations are decreased in obese subjects and type 2 diabetic patients. This protein possesses putative antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. In the current study, we have analyzed the relationship between adiponectin and insulin resistance in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta),(More)
Mortality and morbidity were examined in 117 laboratory-maintained rhesus monkeys studied over approximately 25 years (8 dietary-restricted [DR] and 109 ad libitum-fed [AL] monkeys). During the study, 49 AL monkeys and 3 DR monkeys died. Compared with the DR monkeys, the AL monkeys had a 2.6-fold increased risk of death. Hyperinsulinemia led to a 3.7-fold(More)
12 OVERVIEW—Just as treatment guidelines for diabetes care were at the forefront of medical guideline development (1), diabetes has been a prominent focus of performance measurement and quality improvement initiatives for well over a decade. However, the constraints of pre-electronic health records (EHRs) data systems have consistently limited the clinical(More)
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a common severe complication of type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of chronic pain, tingling, and numbness are generally attributed to small fiber dysfunction. However, little is known about the pathology among innervation to distal extremities, where symptoms start earliest and are most severe, and where the innervation density is(More)
As the only paradigm that has consistently increased life span and inhibited the onset and/or progression of disease, dietary restriction has multiple effects on a variety of organ systems. In this brief review, the goal of the panel was to attempt to understand the role of changes in physical activity and body composition as possible modulators of the life(More)
It is well known that an alteration in insulin activation of skeletal muscle glycogen synthase is associated with insulin resistance. To determine whether this defect in insulin action is specific to skeletal muscle, or also present in liver, simultaneous biopsies of these tissues were obtained before and during a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp in(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZD) have been shown to have anti-diabetic effects including the ability to decrease fasting hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, increase insulin-mediated glucose disposal rate (M) and decrease hepatic glucose production, but the mechanisms of action are not well established. To determine whether a TZD (R-102380, Sankyo Company Ltd.,(More)
The effects of macronutrients on appetite and total caloric intake in monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was studied using a new feeding and infusion system which yoked intragastric infusion of various nutrients to oral ad lib intake and removed the confounding factor of palatability from the assessment of nutrient effects on feeding behavior. A suction-activated(More)
I N rodents and many other species, dietary restriction (DR), also known as calorie restriction, has been shown to prevent and/or delay the onset of many age-related diseases, and maintain healthy physiological function during the aging process. Although Lane and colleagues agree that our published report (1) provides a preliminary interesting assessment of(More)
Zopiclone, a cyclopyrrolone derivative, was compared with triazolam in a double-blind, randomized, parallel group study in general practice patients suffering from insomnia. Both drugs were found to be effective compared to baseline assessment in that they increased the number of hours of sleep, reduced the number of nocturnal wakenings and reduced the(More)