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Previously, we have shown that myocytes from rat portal vein express alpha 1A-adrenoreceptors that couple with a Gq/G11-protein to stimulate phosphoinositide turnover and release of calcium from intracellular stores. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of both alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoreceptor subtypes in inducing stimulation of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to characterize the membrane mechanisms responsible for oxytocin-induced depolarization in single cells from pregnant rat myometrium. STUDY DESIGN Membrane currents were recorded with the whole-cell mode of the standard patch-clamp technique. Intracellular calcium concentration was monitored with the fluorescence(More)
Intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) was monitored using the fluorescence from the dye Fura-2-AM in single myometrial cells from pregnant rats. Oxytocin and acetylcholine applied to the cell evoked an initial peak in [Ca2+]i followed by a smaller sustained rise which was rapidly terminated upon removal of acetylcholine or persisted after oxytocin(More)
The presence of functional α 2-adrenoceptors was investigated in isolated smooth muscle cells from rat portal vein using the nystatin-perforated patch-clamp technique. The free cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was estimated using emission from the dye Fura-2. Activation of α 2-adrenoceptors by clonidine (an α 2-adrenoceptor agonist) or(More)
We studied the effects of six dihydropyridines on the specific binding of (+)-[3H]-isradipine to vascular (portal vein) and cardiac isolated membranes to achieve the relative cardiovascular selectivity of these compounds. Elgodipine, (+)-oxodipine and nifedipine had a significantly higher affinity for the vascular L-type calcium channel than for the cardiac(More)
Intracellular free Ca++ concentration ([Ca++]i) was monitored using the fluorescence from the dye fura-2-acetoxymethylester in single myocytes from rat portal vein. In the presence of oxodipine (a L-type Ca++ channel inhibitor), norepinephrine (10 microM) evoked transient increases in [Ca++]i which were related to release of Ca++ from intracellular stores.(More)
In the pregnant rat myometrium, an averaged 30% of inositol phosphate accumulation induced by carbachol and oxytocin was inhibited by oxodipine indicating that a part of receptor-mediated generation of inositol phosphates depended on Ca++ influx through voltage-gated Ca++ channels. In fura-2-loaded cells, carbachol and oxytocin caused a two-phase [Ca++]i(More)
The effects of a novel dihydropyridine, elgodipine, and of three derivatives have been studied on the calcium channel currents of isolated cells from rat portal vein by the patch-clamp technique, and on specific (+)-[3H]isradipine binding to vascular membranes. Elgodipine inhibited both T- and L-type calcium channels in a concentration-dependent manner.(More)
We studied the effects of the enantiomers of the dihydropyridine derivative, 4-(2,3 methylenedioxyphenyl)-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3 carboxyethyl-5-carboxymethyl-pyridine (oxodipine), on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels of rat portal vein myocytes by combining electrophysiological techniques and binding studies. (+)- and (-)-oxodipine depressed the L-type(More)
The search for melatonin receptor agonists and antagonists specific towards one of the receptor subtypes will extend our understanding of the role of this system in relaying circadian information to the body. A series of compounds derived from a hit compound discovered in a screening process led to powerful agonists specific for one of the isoform of the(More)
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