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BACKGROUND Congenital adrenal hyperplasia in females leads to virilization of external genitalia and persistent urogenital sinus. There are controversies regarding the timing and outcomes of surgery. Deferring surgeries beyond childhood is difficult to implement in conservative societies, and may result in stigmatization and distress to individuals with(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), resulting from mutations in CYP11B1, a gene encoding 11β-hydroxylase, represents a rare autosomal recessive Mendelian disorder of aberrant sex steroid production. Unlike CAH caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency, the disease is far more common in the Middle East and North Africa, where consanguinity is common often(More)
BACKGROUND The association of low serum 25 hydroxy cholecalciferol (25OHD) levels with high glucose level and diminished insulin sensitivity suggests that vitamin D (VD) may modulate insulin metabolism. The aim of the study was to screen for vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and study the effect of VD(More)
BACKGROUND Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a serious chronic illness that imposes significant morbidity and mortality with a major impact on the quality of life (QoL) that became a core issue in diabetes care. Understanding the effect of diabetes on QoL is important for day-to-day clinical management and also for public health policy initiatives aiming at(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS An association of type 1 DM and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) has been newly reported in the medical literature. The aim of the present work was to investigate frequency of MEFV gene mutations in Egyptian children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS Forty five children with type 1 DM were screened for Mediterranean Fever (MEFV)(More)
Ahmed Khattab, Shozeb Haider, Ameet Kumar, Samarth Dhawan, Dauood Alam, Raquel Romero, James Burns, Di Li, Jessica Estatico, Simran Rahi, Saleel Fatima, Ali Saeed Alzahrani, Mona Hafez, Noha Musa, Maryam Azar, Ilhem Ben Charfeddine, Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonca, Alicia Belgorosky, Katija Dumic, Miroslav Dumic, Javier Aisenberg, Nurgun Kandemir, Tina(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has increased significantly worldwide with an alarming rise of its co-morbidities. The excess of visceral adipose tissue is associated with hypertension, prothrombotic and pro-inflammatory states. Our aim was to find a possible association between visceral obesity and plasma fibrinogen, as one(More)
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