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BACKGROUND Few comprehensive epidemiological studies of the prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been undertaken in Arab countries, and none has been carried out in Egypt. A community-based survey was conducted in the Assiut Governorate to estimate the prevalence and clinical profile of PD. METHODS A community-based study was carried out, with(More)
BACKGROUND Addiction to tramadol, a widely used analgesic, is becoming increasingly common. Tramadol can also induce seizures even after a single clinical dose. We tested whether the epileptogenicity of tramadol was associated with any changes in cortical excitability and inhibitory transmission using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS The(More)
Previous cognitive behavioral studies based on Acquired Equivalence Associative learning Task (AEALT) showed a strong relation between hippocampus and basal ganglia in associative learning. However, experimental behavioral studies of patients with Generalized Tonic Clonic (GTC) epilepsy remained sparse. The aim of the present study is to integrate a(More)
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