Noeris K. Salam

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) plays an essential role in lipid and glucose homeostasis. It is recognized as the receptor of the thiazolidinediones-a synthetic class of anti-diabetic drugs-and is the target of many drug discovery efforts because of its role in disease states, such as type II diabetes mellitus. In this study,(More)
Design, synthesis, and in vitro bioevaluation of a new class of potential dual PPARalpha and gamma agonists discovered through a structure-driven design paradigm are described. The 7-hydroxy-benzopyran-4-one moiety (includes flavones, flavanones, and isoflavones) is the key pharmacophore of these novel molecules, exhibiting similarity to the core structure(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogues based on 4-amino-cyclopent-1-enyl phosphinic acid ( 34- 42) and 3-aminocyclobutane phosphinic acids ( 51, 52, 56, 57) were investigated in order to obtain selective homomeric rho 1 GABA C receptor antagonists. The effect of the stereochemistry and phosphinic acid substituent of these compounds on potency and(More)
We have recently identified a new class of compounds that selectively kill cells that express P-glycoprotein (P-gp, MDR1), the ATPase efflux pump that confers multidrug resistance on cancer cells. Several isatin-beta-thiosemicarbazones from our initial study have been validated and a range of analogues synthesized and tested. A number demonstrated improved(More)
2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2) is a naturally occurring derivative of estradiol that has been shown to be an active small molecule that has antitumor and antiangiogenic properties. 2ME2 binds to beta-tubulin near the colchicine-binding site, inhibits microtubule polymerization, and induces mitotic arrest. To improve understanding of the mechanisms of action and(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis salicylate synthase (MbtI) catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of mycobactin T, an iron-chelating siderophore essential for the virulence and survival of M. tuberculosis. Co-crystal structures of MbtI with members of a first generation inhibitor library revealed large inhibitor-induced rearrangements within the(More)
The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a preventable microvascular diabetic complication that damages human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Taurine is abundant in the fruit of Lycium barbarum (Goji Berry), and is reportedly beneficial for diabetic(More)
Liver X receptors (LXR) play an important role in cholesterol homeostasis by serving as regulatory sensors of cholesterol levels in tissues. The present study reports a novel LXR-alpha activator, (20S)-2alpha, 3beta, 12beta, 24(S)-pentahydroxydammar-25-ene 20-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside (TR1), a dammarane-type gynosaponin, isolated from the herbal medicine,(More)
Understanding the role of GABAC receptors in the central nervous system is limited due to a lack of specific ligands. Novel γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogues based on 3-(aminomethyl)-1-oxo-1-hydroxy-phospholane 17 and 3-(guanido)-1-oxo-1-hydroxy-phospholane 19 were investigated to obtain selective GABAC receptor antagonists. A compound of high potency(More)
Cyclam was attached to 1-, 2- and 3-pyrrole lexitropsins for the first time through a synthetically facile copper-catalyzed "click" reaction. The corresponding copper and zinc complexes were synthesized and characterized. The ligand and its complexes bound AT-rich DNA selectively over GC-rich DNA, and the thermodynamic profile of the binding was evaluated(More)