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OBJECTIVE Insulin-mediated suppression of hepatic glucose production (HGP) is associated with sensitive intracellular signaling and molecular inhibition of gluconeogenic (GNG) enzyme mRNA expression. We determined, for the first time, the time course and relevance (to metabolic flux) of these molecular events during physiological hyperinsulinemia in vivo in(More)
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), 9-cis:11-trans and 10-trans:12-cis, have been shown to be able to modify some immune cells parameters and plasma lipids in a variety of experiment models. Since lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear cells (PMNC) have a large spectrum functions in the immune response, the knowledge in this field has to be expanded. Beagle dogs(More)
Elevated glucagon is associated with fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. We assessed the effects of the glucagon receptor antagonist (2R)-N-[4-({4-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)[(3,5-dichloroanilino)carbonyl]anilino}methyl)benzoyl]-2-hydroxy-b-alanine (NNC 25-0926) on hepatic glucose production (HPG) in vivo, using arteriovenous difference and tracer techniques(More)
In individuals with type 1 diabetes, hypoglycemia is a common consequence of overinsulinization. Under conditions of insulin-induced hypoglycemia, glucagon is the most important stimulus for hepatic glucose production. In contrast, during euglycemia, insulin potently inhibits glucagon's effect on the liver. The first aim of the present study was to(More)
Hypoglycemia limits optimal glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), making novel strategies to mitigate it desirable. We hypothesized that portal (Po) vein insulin delivery would lessen hypoglycemia. In the conscious dog, insulin was infused into the hepatic Po vein or a peripheral (Pe) vein at a rate four times of basal. In protocol 1, a full(More)
Intranasal (i.n.) vaccination with two suboptimal doses of 8 microg of deglycosylated chain A ricin (DGCA) stimulated low anti-ricin ELISA IgG and neutralizing antibody responses and the vaccine was only marginally protective against a lethal ricin toxin aerosol challenge. However, in the presence of 4, 2, or 1 microg of the mucosal adjuvant LTR72, a mutant(More)
The contribution of hormone-independent counterregulatory signals in defense of insulin-induced hypoglycemia were determined in adrenalectomized, overnight-fasted conscious dogs receiving hepatic portal vein insulin infusions at a rate 20-fold basal. Either euglycemia was maintained (group 1) or hypoglycemia (≈45 mg/dL) was allowed to occur. There were 3(More)
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