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Obesity is a health problem that is reaching epidemic proportions. Extreme obesity (body mass index [BMI] > or =40 kg/m2) is a type of obesity that usually does not respond to medical treatment, with surgery being the current treatment of choice. Extreme obesity is associated with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension.(More)
Andersen syndrome is a rare entity and comprises potassium sensitive periodic paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and an unusual facial appearance; syncope and sudden death have also been reported. The recognition of the characteristic face permits an early diagnosis in order to detect the severe systemic manifestations that are associated with this(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) requires damage or loss of the protective layer and an inflammatory process in the unprotected root surface. Infection of the pulp space can occur after a serious injury and stimulate an inflammatory response. When the inflammatory stimulus is long-standing, the destructive phase will continue until(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Gastric cancer staging based on the number of positive lymph nodes is not reliable in patients undergoing limited lymphadenectomies. The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic influence of lymph node ratio (LR)--defined as the number of metastatic nodes divided by total of obtained nodes--in patients with less than 16(More)
Carcinosarcomas (CS) of the prostate are very uncommon neoplasms defined by the admixture of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. We describe here two new examples of CS in two patients aged 66 and 77 years, the first without previous history of prostate adenocarcinoma and the second with a 5-year history of acinar type prostate adenocarcinoma.(More)
Background and aims: capsule endoscopy (CE) allows for a new era in small-bowel examination. Nevertheless, physicians' time for CE-interpretation remains longer than desirable. Alternative strategies to physicians have not been widely investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of physician extenders in CE-interpretation. Material and(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroblastic tumours (NBTs) represent a heterogeneous spectrum of neoplastic diseases associated with multiple genetic alterations. Structural and numerical chromosomal changes are frequent and are predictive parameters of NBTs outcome. We performed a comparative analysis of the biological entities constituted by NBTs with different ploidy(More)
Malakoplakia is a rare chronic inflammatory disease that was originally described in the urinary bladder but can involve many other organs and soft tissues. It is believed to be caused by an alteration in the bacterial phagocytic system. Clinically, it is described as single or multiple tumors that can appear in any part of the body. Histologically, the(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is increasingly becoming an alternative method for assessing axillary status in breast carcinoma patients. Intraoperative SLN evaluation can potentially select patients for immediate axillary clearance and spare most of them a second surgical procedure. Nevertheless, no standard protocol for intraoperative SLN(More)