Noel Williams

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Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective and durable treatment option for extreme obesity. Restrictive procedures, such as AGB and SG, limit gastric capacity and, thus, food intake while leaving the gastrointestinal tract intact. Malabsorptive procedures, such as BPD, shorten the length of the intestine to decrease nutrient absorption. Combined(More)
BACKGROUND The indications for deep brain stimulation (DBS) are expanding, and the feasibility and efficacy of this surgical procedure in various neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders continue to be tested. This review attempts to provide background and rationale for applying this therapeutic option to obesity and addiction. We review neural targets(More)
ARLTS1 is a newly characterized tumor suppressor gene located at chromosome 13q14.3 and involved in the pathogenesis of various types of tumors: two single-nucleotide polymorphisms, one of them responsible for protein truncation, were found statistically associated with familial malignancies, whereas DNA hypermethylation and genomic deletions have been(More)
Rapid glycemic improvements following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are frequently attributed to the enhanced GLP-1 response, but causality remains unclear. To determine the role of GLP-1 in improved glucose tolerance after surgery, we compared glucose and hormonal responses to a liquid meal test in 20 obese participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus who(More)
OBJECT Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the gold standard treatment for morbid obesity, although failure rates may be high, particularly in patients with a BMI > 50 kg/m(2). With improved understanding of the neuropsychiatric basis of obesity, deep brain stimulation (DBS) offers a less invasive and reversible alternative to available surgical treatments. In this(More)
OPINION STATEMENT Bariatric surgery represents a durable and safe treatment modality for morbid obesity. Bariatric surgery results in weight loss by one of two-and possibly both-primary mechanisms, reducing the amount of tolerable intake (restrictive) and reducing the amount of nutrients absorbed by bypassing absorptive intestine (malabsorptive). These(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) may improve postoperative lung function and reduce postoperative complications in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the timing of postoperative NIPPV affects lung function 1 day postoperatively. METHODS Forty morbidly obese patients with(More)
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