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We describe the discovery of a novel, 20 kDa, secreted human protein named mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor, or MANF. The homologous, native molecule was initially derived from a rat mesencephalic type-1 astrocyte cell line and recombinant MANF subcloned from a cDNA encoding human arginine-rich protein. MANF selectively protects nigral(More)
Astrocytes and neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) interact functionally to mediate processes as diverse as neuroprotection, neurogenesis and synaptogenesis. Moreover, the interaction can be homotypic, implying that astrocyte-derived secreted molecules affect their adjacent neurons optimally vs remote neurons. Astrocytes produce neurotrophic and(More)
Purpose: The ubiquitously expressed transmembrane glycoprotein CD47 delivers an anti-phagocytic (do not eat) signal by binding signal-regulatory protein α (SIRPα) on macrophages. CD47 is overexpressed in cancer cells and its expression is associated with poor clinical outcomes. TTI-621 (SIRPαFc) is a fully human recombinant fusion protein that blocks the(More)
Although vanadium is found abundantly in animal and plant kingdoms its biological effects are not clear. Vanadate compounds have been shown to normalize blood glucose levels in streptozotocin treated rats, enhance glucose oxidation and improve the sensitivity to insulin by enhanced receptor binding in rat adipocytes. The aim of the present study was to(More)
We describe the discovery of a novel, 20 kDa, secreted human protein named mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor, or MANF. The homologous, native molecule was initially derived from a rat mesencephalic type-1 astrocyte cell line and recombinant MANF subcloned from a cDNA encoding human arginine-rich protein. MANF selectively protects nigral(More)
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