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The growing proportion of elderly people in society, together with recent advances in robotics, makes the use of robots in elder care increasingly likely. We outline developments in the areas of robot applications for assisting the elderly and their carers, for monitoring their health and safety, and for providing them with companionship. Despite the(More)
1800 PERSPECTIVES camps, Varricchio et al. show that the thero-pod origin of avian breeding behavior is consistent with male parental care as the primitive breeding system of birds, thus resolving the conflict between ecological and phylogenetic ornithologists. These researchers have an excellent track record of establishing details of extinct thero-pod(More)
The US military currently deploys more than 4,000 ground robots in Iraq. Most are for bomb disposal but some are armed. In addition to the robots, semi-autonomous unmanned air vehicles come equipped with hellfire missiles. For now, all these systems employ a human-in-the-loop for the application of lethal force. But this is set to change. In the near- to(More)
An appropriate use of neural computing techniques is to apply them to problems such as condition monitoring, fault diagnosis, control and sensing, where conventional solutions can be hard to obtain. However, when neural computing techniques are used, it is important that they are employed so as to maximise their performance, and improve their reliability.(More)
Many believe that the major problem facing traditional artificial intelligence (and the functional theory of mind) is how to connect intelligence to the outside world. Some turned to robotic functionalism and a hybrid response, that attempts to rescue symbolic functionalism by grounding the symbol system with a connectionist hook to the world. Others turned(More)
The performance of neural nets can be improved through the use of ensembles of redundant nets. In this paper, some of the available methods of ensemble creation are reviewed and the \test and select" methodolo-logy for ensemble creation is considered. This approach involves testing potential ensemble combinations on a validation set, and selecting the best(More)
Despite the relevance of much of Jakob von Uexküll's work to artificial intelligence and the cognitive sciences, it was largely ignored until the mid-1980s. Since then, much research has been devoted to the study of embodied autonomous agents (robots) and artificial life. Such systems are typically said to 'learn', 'develop' and 'evolve' in interaction with(More)