Noel Carmichael

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Blood levels and urinary excretion of triclopyr, the active ingredient in Garlon herbicides, were followed in six volunteers given single oral doses of 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg body weight. Five of these volunteers later received dermal applications of Garlon 4 herbicide formulation equivalent to 3.7 mg triclopyr/kg body weight applied to the forearm. Following(More)
Thyroxine (T(4))-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) activity was measured directly in cultured male Sprague-Dawley rat and OF-1 mouse hepatocyte monolayers. The activity of T(4)-UGT (pmol/min/g liver) in vitro in hepatocyte cultures was, after 24 hr in culture, equivalent to that previously measured in vivo in rat and mouse liver microsomes (Viollon-Abadie(More)
The DLA class II genes in the dog major histocompatibility complex are highly polymorphic. To date, 52 DLA-DRB1, 16 DLA-DQA1 and 41 DLA-DQB1 allelic sequences have been assigned. The aim of this study was to examine the intrabreed and interbreed variation of DLA allele and haplotype frequencies in dogs, and to ascertain whether conserved DLA class II(More)
Identification and development of cell-based assays adapted to medium throughput screening requirements is important when screening chemicals for their potential toxic properties. We describe here rapid fluorometer-based and spectrophotometer-based microplate assays which allow for the evaluation of oxidative stress in hepatocyte cell cultures by(More)
The effects of representative liver enzyme inducers such as clofibrate (CLO), phenobarbital (PB), pregnenolone-16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN), and beta-naphthoflavone (NF) on hepatic microsomal thyroxin (T4)- UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) and triiodothyronine (T3)- UGT activities and thyroid function were evaluated in OF-1 male mice after a 14-day po(More)
A survey was performed on the results of 138 carcinogenicity studies conducted in various mouse strains by the agrochemical industry over the period 1983-1993. Data for liver tumor incidence, liver weight, and histopathology were collected along with data on genotoxicity. Studies were judged positive or negative for liver tumor formation on the basis of(More)
Young adult rabbits have been given methyl mercury salts by subcutaneous injections or by gastric intubation. After 3 daily doses of 7.5 mg/kg by the 8th day moderate to severe ataxia developed, and after 4 doses, severe ataxia. Some of these latter animals might die. This species, therefore, seems to be about twice as sensitive to the neurotoxic properties(More)
The increasing awareness and concern about the potential health risks posed to the ecosystem and to man by endocrine disrupting chemicals with oestrogen-like activity in the environment has focused attention on the need for developing sensitive and specific methods for identifying these xenobiotics and to evaluate their degrees of toxic effects. We have(More)
In two experiments, Sprague-Dawley rats were administered elemental selenium (Se; 10 ppm), silver (Ag; 1000 ppm) and arsenic (As; 50 ppm), either alone or in combination (Ag+Se or As+Se). Administration was via drinking water. Body weight, fluid intake, and food consumption were monitored weekly and measures of forelimb and handlimb strength were taken. Se(More)