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Latent transforming growth factor beta-binding protein 1 (LTBP-1) targets latent complexes of transforming growth factor beta to the extracellular matrix, where the latent cytokine is subsequently activated by several different mechanisms. Fibrillins are extracellular matrix macromolecules whose primary function is architectural: fibrillins assemble into(More)
Fibrillin is an important structural protein of the extracellular matrix. It is a large cysteine-rich glycoprotein with extensive intrachain disulfide bonds, likely contributed by multiple EGF-like repeats. We have previously published 6.9 kb of FBN1 cDNA sequence. FBN1 cDNA clones that extend the sequence 3089 bp in the 5' direction are described in this(More)
Latent transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-binding proteins (LTBPs) interact with fibrillin-1. This interaction is important for proper sequestration and extracellular control of TGFbeta. Surface plasmon resonance interaction studies show that residues within the first hybrid domain (Hyb1) of fibrillin-1 contribute to interactions with LTBP-1 and LTBP-4.(More)
Both latent transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-binding proteins fibrillins are components of microfibril networks, and both interact with members of the TGF-beta family of growth factors. Interactions between latent TGF-beta-binding protein-1 and TGF-beta and between fibrillin-1 and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) are mediated by the prodomain(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age. Although genetic linkage analyses have demonstrated a susceptibility locus for PCOS mapping to the fibrillin-3 gene, the presence of fibrillin proteins in normal and polycystic ovaries has not been characterized. This study compared and contrasted fibrillin-1, -2, and(More)
Fibrillins are large structural macromolecules that are components of connective tissue microfibrils. Fibrillin microfibrils have been found in association with basement membranes, where microfibrils appear to insert directly into the lamina densa. It is unknown whether fibrillins are limited to these sites of microfibril insertion or are present throughout(More)
Biochemical and biophysical methods are used to show that BMP-7 is secreted as a stable complex consisting of the processed growth factor dimer noncovalently associated with its two prodomain propeptide chains and that the BMP-7 complex is structurally similar to the small transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) complex. Because the prodomain of TGFbeta(More)
Fibrillins are large extracellular macromolecules that polymerize to form the backbone structure of connective tissue microfibrils. Mutations in the gene for fibrillin-1 cause the Marfan syndrome, while mutations in the gene for fibrillin-2 cause Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly. Both are autosomal dominant disorders, and both disorders affect(More)
We have identified a novel missense mutation in a pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) patient in one of the type III repeats of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). Enlarged lamellar rough endoplasmic reticulum vesicles were shown to contain accumulated COMP along with type IX collagen, a cartilage-specific component. COMP was secreted and assembled(More)
In humans, mutations in fibrillin-1 result in a variety of genetic disorders with distinct clinical phenotypes. While most of the known mutations in fibrillin-1 cause Marfan syndrome, a number of other mutations lead to clinical features unrelated to Marfan syndrome. Pathogenesis of Marfan syndrome is currently thought to be driven by mechanisms due to(More)