Nobuyuki Uehara

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The search for new water-soluble analogues of camptothecin (CPT) with higher activity and less toxicity has led to the development of a novel compound, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11), which showed significant antitumor activity against a broad spectrum of experimental tumor models by i.p., i.v., or oral(More)
Until recently it has been generally considered that genotoxic carcinogens have no threshold in exerting their potential for cancer induction. However, the nonthreshold theory can be challenged with regard to assessment of cancer risk to humans. In the present study we show that a food derived, genotoxic hepatocarcinogen,(More)
We investigated the significance of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by fungi treated with miconazole. ROS production in Candida albicans was measured by a real-time fluorogenic assay. The level of ROS production was increased by miconazole at the MIC (0.125 micro g/ml) and was enhanced further in a dose-dependent manner, with a fourfold(More)
High-level antiseptic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus is mediated by multidrug efflux pumps encoded by qacA and qacB genes. We investigated distribution and genomic diversity of these antiseptic resistance genes in a total of 522 clinical strains of S. aureus isolated recently in a Japanese hospital. The qacA/B gene was detected in 32.6% of(More)
The synthetic low-molecular-weight thiol, 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna), exerts efficient protection against oxazaphosphorine-induced urothelial toxicity by binding the renally excreted and concentrated toxic metabolite(s). In this study, the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of mesna and its disulfide form (dimesna) have been investigated in the intact(More)
The transport and reduction of dimesna (Na-2-mercaptoethane sulfonate disulfide) was studied in vitro using isolated, perfused rat kidney, and isolated renal epithelial cells. Cellular uptake of dimesna was found to be dependent on an active transport mechanism working across the luminal brush border, with an app. Km of approximately 22 microM and Vmax(More)
MecA, a structural gene located on the chromosome of Staphylococcus aureus, characterizes methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and femA and femB(fem) genes encode proteins which influence the level of methicillin resistance of S. aureus. In order to examine effectiveness of detecting mecA and fem genes in identification of MRSA, the presence of these(More)
Aqueous extracts of seven species of edible mushrooms were tested for their antitumor activity against transplanted Sarcoma 180 in Swiss albino mice. All of the aqueous extracts except that of Auricularia auricula-judae (Bull. cx Fr.) QUé1. highly inhibited the growth of transplanted tumors. The active antitumor component of Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing.(More)
In human cells, telomerase activity is tightly regulated by the expression of its catalytic subunit, namely, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of hTERT expression have not been completely clarified. We have previously reported that transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)(More)
AIM To examine human beta-defensin-3 (hBD-3) expression in inflamed gastric mucosal tissues or MKN45 gastric cancer cells with or without H. pylori infection for better understanding the innate immune response to H. pylori. METHODS We used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions and immunohistochemistry to examine hBD-3 expression in inflamed(More)