Nobuyuki Shimono

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The protective mechanism of polyamines against acidified ethanol-induced gastric damage was studied. Their oral administration prevented the formation of gastric mucosal lesions induced by 90% ethanol in 150 mM HCl in a dose-dependent manner, with the order of the protective potency being spermine greater than spermidine greater than putrescine. The(More)
BACKGROUND Our unit adopted the single administration of cefepime as the initial treatment for febrile episodes in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies. However, recently, cefepime-resistant gram-negative bacteremia, including those with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producers, was frequently observed in these patients. Therefore, we(More)
OBJECTIVES Antifungal monotherapy with polyenes, azoles or echinocandins is not always effective for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of micafungin and amphotericin B for the primary treatment of IPA in an immunocompromised mouse model. METHODS Female ICR mice were used in(More)
BACKGROUND Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in patients with neutropenia and hematological malignancies is said to be effective on febrile netropenia (FN)-related infection and mortality; however, the emergence of antibiotic resistance has become a concern. Ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin prophylaxis are most commonly recommended. A significant increase in the(More)
Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major problem worldwide. Anti-microbial stewardship (AMS) has the vital aim of ensuring optimal use of antimicrobial medicines to minimize AMR. New strategies are needed to reduce AMR. It is vital to ensure that key stakeholders are involved in the development of these strategies. This study aimed to examine(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an important nosocomial bacterial pathogen, as is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Differentiation of these bacteria as bacteremic agents is critical in the clinical setting and to define a therapeutic strategy; however, the associated factors and prognosis for S. maltophilia bacteremia have not been fully evaluated to adequately(More)
Peripheral mycotic aneurysm is a rare complication of infective endocarditis. We herein report the case of a 61-year-old man with a mycotic aneurysm in the left brachial artery, that appeared during treatment with antibiotics against infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus sanguinis. After confirming the collateral blood flow on arteriography, we(More)
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