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An estimated one-third of the world's population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiologic agent of tuberculosis. Here, we demonstrate that, unlike wild-type M. tuberculosis, a strain of M. tuberculosis disrupted in the mce1 operon was unable to enter a stable persistent state of infection in mouse lungs. Instead, the mutant(More)
Antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a serious concern worldwide, particularly in Asian countries, despite the introduction of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). The Asian Network for Surveillance of Resistant Pathogens (ANSORP) performed a prospective surveillance study of 2,184 S. pneumoniae isolates collected from(More)
Community-acquired infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, particularly CTX-M-producing Escherichia coli, are a rising concern worldwide. There are few data from Japan on the acquisition of ESBLs in the community or the influx of these bacteria into hospitals. Therefore, we examined the prevalence of ESBL carriage in(More)
Candida tropicalis is one of the most important Candida species causative of candidemia that is isolated from the blood of patients with hematological malignancies. Candidemia caused by C. tropicalis is known to be highly virulent in neutropenic patients. C. tropicalis has been shown to be favorably sensitive to azole agents in general. Here we discuss 5(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a curative therapy for various hematologic disorders. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and infections are the major complications of SCT, and their close relationship has been suggested. In this study, we evaluated a link between 2 complications in mouse models. The intestinal microbial communities(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a pathogen which is known to be responsible for nosocomial infection. The appropriate use of antibiotics has become important for preventing the spread of drug-resistant P. aeruginosa. In Hara-doi Hospital, two carbapenem antibiotics, imipenem (IPM) and meropenem (MEPM), are used for patients aged 65 years or older at a daily(More)
Wilson's disease associated with hepatic failure is not common and the underlying mechanism triggering the event is not known at present. We treated a 28-year-old Japanese woman with Wilson's disease who developed hepatic failure associated with hemolytic crisis just after delivery. She was diagnosed as having Wilson's disease at 12 years of age, at which(More)
A significant problem in the field of infectious diseases is the increase in fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Escherichia coli. Although mutation of strains and clonal dissemination are supposed to be the cause of this increase, little is known about the prevalence of this organism. We investigated 219 FQ-resistant E. coli strains in Japan and nine Asian(More)
Pituitary abscess is a rare infection and it is difficult to make the correct diagnosis. It is usually treated by a combination of surgical drainage and intravenous administration of antibiotics. We describe a 74-year-old woman with recurrent meningo-encephalitis due to pituitary abscess. The abscess increased in size in spite of the intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVES Antifungal monotherapy with polyenes, azoles or echinocandins is not always effective for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of micafungin and amphotericin B for the primary treatment of IPA in an immunocompromised mouse model. METHODS Female ICR mice were used in(More)