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We have previously shown that canine signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM; also known as CD150) acts as a cellular receptor for canine distemper virus (CDV). In this study, we established Vero cells stably expressing canine SLAM (Vero.DogSLAMtag cells). Viruses were isolated in Vero.DogSLAMtag cells one day after inoculation with spleen samples(More)
Pathogens or pathogen-associated molecular patterns can signal to cells of the innate immune system and trigger effective adaptive immunity. However, relatively little is known about how the innate immune system detects tissue injury or necrosis. Evidence suggests that the release of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) may provide adjuvant-like signals, but the(More)
Approximately 5% of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) lack characteristic anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA). Yet clinically AMA+ and AMA- patients are similar. Using both AMA+ and AMA- patients, we quantitated the frequency of autoreactive T cells that respond to the major CD4 T-cell epitope, PDC-E2 163-176, using limiting dilution assays and(More)
TNF-alpha antagonists are widely used in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, but their use is associated with reactivation of latent infections. This highlights the importance of TNF-alpha in immunity to certain pathogens and raises concerns that critical aspects of immune function are impaired in its absence. Unfortunately, the role of(More)
SAP is an adaptor mutated in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. It plays a critical role in T helper 2 (T(H)2) cytokine production. This function was suggested to reflect the capacity of SAP to associate with SLAM family receptors and enable tyrosine phosphorylation signaling by these receptors through SAP-mediated recruitment of Src-related kinase FynT.(More)
Immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) in rheumatoid arthritis are a rare, aggressive, and life-threatening clinical entity. We describe a 60-year-old man who had rheumatoid arthritis that was treated with methotrexate. Eight months after the treatment, the case was diagnosed as Epstein-Barr virus-negative LPD (diffuse large B-cell(More)
Otitis media is one of the common organ injuries that appear during the course of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). We experienced four patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-positive AAV with otitis media. All were elderly Japanese women. MPO-ANCA in our patients was reminiscent of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA),(More)
Mutations in SH2D1A resulting in lack of SLAM-associated protein (SAP) expression cause the human genetic immunodeficiency X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. A severe block in germinal center development and lack of long-term humoral immunity is one of the most prominent phenotypes of SAP(-) mice. We show, in this study, that the germinal center block is(More)
Wild-type measles virus (MV) strains use human signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) as a cellular receptor, while vaccine strains such as the Edmonston strain can use both SLAM and CD46 as receptors. Although the expression of SLAM is restricted to cells of the immune system (lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and monocytes), histopathological studies(More)