Nobuyuki Nosaka

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INTRODUCTION Provision for the emergence of an influenza pandemic is an urgent issue. The discovery of a novel anti-influenza therapeutic approach would increase the effectiveness of traditional virus-based strategies. This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic effects of anti-high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment(More)
The administration of high-dose clindamycin plus benzylpenicillin has been recommended for the treatment of streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, and clindamycin has been found to be more effective than beta-lactams in retrospective analyses of human cases. Although therapeutic doses of clindamycin have also been shown to(More)
Estimation methods for pediatric weight have not been evaluated for Japanese children. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of mothers' reports of their children's weight in Japan. We also evaluated potential alternatives to the estimation of weight, including the Broselow tape (BT), Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), and Park's formulae. We(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative ileus, a transient impairment of bowel motility initiated by intestinal inflammation, is common after an abdominal operation and leads to increased hospital stays and costs. Hydrogen has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and potential therapeutic value. Solubilized hydrogen may be a portable and practical means of(More)
Redox regulation has recently been recognized as an important factor in acute illnesses as well as in chronic diseases. It has also become a target for neuroprotection in acute intensive care. Despite its well-known therapeutic effects, therapeutic hypothermia has recently been re-evaluated for its potential use in emergency and critical care medicine.(More)
We sought to identify the incidence, injury patterns, and financial burden of ladder fall injuries to provide a reference for reinforcing guidelines on the prevention of such injuries. We enrolled the patients who were injured in a ladder-related fall and required intensive care between April 2012 and March 2014 at Okayama University Hospital, a tertiary(More)
Up to one third of patients with influenza A (H1N1) virus require intensive care unit (ICU) admission because of severe pneumonia, sepsis, or acute respiratory distress syndrome or a combination of these. Still, inICU mortality rate remains excessively high despite the deployment of maximal therapeutic support, often including extracorporeal membrane(More)
Lung hyperpermeability affects the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but therapeutic strategies for the control of microvascular permeability have not been established. We examined the effects of edaravone, dexamethasone, and N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on permeability changes in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare local and systemic profiles between different disease pathologies (pneumonia and encephalitis) induced by influenza A virus (IAV). METHODS An IAV pneumonia model was created by intranasal inoculation of C57BL/6 mice with influenza A/WSN/33 (H1N1) virus. Lung lavage and blood collection were performed on day 3 after IAV inoculation.(More)
Current systems for the evaluation of trauma severity are tedious and difficult to apply in an actual emergency setting. We aimed to develop and assess the accuracy of a more efficient severity evaluation system, termed the Ugawa classification, using brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).(More)