Nobuyuki Kawashima

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Stem cells possess multipotent properties that allow them to differentiate into various cells, which may be potentially useful in tissue regeneration. Stem cell populations are reported to be present in various tissues of hematopoietic, neural and mesenchymal lineages, with the presence of stem cell populations in dental pulp tissue first described more(More)
Periapical granulomas are induced by bacterial infection of the dental pulp and result in destruction of the surrounding alveolar bone. In previous studies we have reported that the bone resorption in this model is primarily mediated by macrophage-expressed interleukin-1 (IL-1). The expression and activity of IL-1 is in turn modulated by a network of Th1(More)
Periapical bone destruction earlier was shown to be mediated primarily by interleukin (IL)-1alpha in a rat model. The production and action of IL-1alpha is in turn potentially modulated by a network of cytokines, which are produced by infiltrating T-helper type 1 (Th1) and type 2 (Th2) lymphocytes, and resident connective tissue cells within the lesion.(More)
Defence reactions of the dental pulp potentially involve a variety of immunocompetent cells, particularly class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-expressing cells and macrophages. In order to examine how the immunodefence potential of the pulp changes as a function of age, phenotypic distribution of pulpal cells expressing immunoreactivity to(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh), one of the essential molecules for embryogenesis and organogenesis, is strongly expressed in the enamel knot, which represents the signaling center for odontogenesis due to the presence of essential secretory molecules. Here, we investigated the effects of Shh on ameloblast differentiation using a mouse ameloblast-lineage cell line(More)
OBJECTIVE The object of this study was to elucidate the kinetics of receptor activator of NFkB ligand (RANKL), RANK, osteoprotegerin (OPG), and cytokine expressions in experimentally induced rat periapical lesions. STUDY DESIGN The mRNA expressions of RANKL, RANK, OPG, and cytokines in experimentally induced rat periapical lesions were evaluated by(More)
Various kinds of chemical mediators are synthesized in the course of pulpitis; thus, control of their production would assist in inducing a reduction in pulpal inflammation. We hypothesized that nitric oxide (NO) would be an important mediator of pulpal inflammation. Pulpal inflammation was induced by the application of LPS in rat incisor pulp, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of surface modifications induced by erbium (Er):YAG and neodymium (Nd):YAG laser irradiation on cell adhesion by comparing it to that of conventional methods for surface preparation after root-end resection. BACKGROUND DATA Many studies have been seeking a favorable method to produce(More)
Matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) is an extracellular matrix protein that is mainly expressed in mineralizing tissues, including the dental pulp. The purposes of this study were to clarify the localization of MEPE in the tooth germ and to investigate the roles of MEPE in the differentiation of odontoblasts. The immunohistochemical staining in(More)
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease in the oral cavity, which culminates in alveolar bone loss. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a consensus periodontal pathogen that has been implicated in adult forms of periodontitis. We previously demonstrated that IL-10-deficient mice exhibit a hyperinflammatory phenotype and are highly susceptible to P.(More)