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We have detected pulsed X-ray emission from the fastest millisecond pulsar known, PSR B1937+21 (P =1.558 msec), with ASCA. The pulsar is detected as a point source above ∼ 1.7 keV, with no indication of nebulosity. The source flux in the 2–10 keV band is found to be f = (3.7 ± 0.6) × 10 −13 erg s −1 cm −2 , which implies an isotropic luminosity of L x = 4πD(More)
We investigated chimpanzees' color classification using a matching-to-sample procedure. One of the two subjects had learned symbolic color names through long-term training, while the other had received less training and had a limited understanding of color names. The results showed similar distributions of classified colors in a color space, irrespective of(More)
Recent studies have shown that thrombin plays an important role in brain edema formation after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The possible mechanisms of thrombin-induced brain edema formation include blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and inflammatory response involving polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte. Animal experiments have revealed that moderate(More)
The present study investigated how anticipation of a target's appearance affects human attention to gaze cues provided by a schematic face. Subjects in a 'catch' group received a high number of 'catch' trials, in which no target stimulus appeared. Subjects in the control group did not receive any catch trials. As in previous studies, both groups showed a(More)
In this study, we divided 26 fetuses at 32-37 weeks of gestation into three groups using combined criteria of gestational age and behavioral indicators. We investigated fetal habituation to vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS). Fetuses showed habituation from at least 32 weeks of gestation. Furthermore, fetuses less developed from behavioral standpoint took(More)
The present study examined age-related changes in inhibitory processes among older and younger adults in the flanker and Simon tasks in terms of behavioral performance and prefrontal brain activity by functional near-infrared spectroscopy. The flanker task requires a quick identification of a central target in the presence of surrounding distracters,(More)
We present an X-ray and radio study of the wind nebula surrounding the central pulsar PSR J1811−1925 in the supernova remnant G11.2−0.3. Using high resolution data obtained with the Chandra X-ray observatory and with the VLA radio telescope we show the X-ray and radio emission is asymmetric around the pulsar, despite the latter's central position in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to elucidate the effect of neurospheres (NS) on dementia in the mouse model of nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) lesion. METHODS Mouse embryonic stem cell (ES) derived neurospheres were transplanted into the frontal association cortex and barrel field of S1 cortex of C57BL/6 mice 4 weeks after including a lesion of NBM(More)
Glutamine has multiple physiological and pathophysiological roles in the brain. Because of their position at the interface between blood and brain, the cerebral capillaries and the choroid plexuses that form the blood-brain barriers (BBB) and blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barriers, have the potential to influence brain glutamine concentrations. Despite(More)
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an epigenetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amyloid β (Aβ) deposition is observed histopathologically in the traumatized brain. This study was conducted to detect cerebral Aβ deposition using amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with neuropsychological impairment after TBI. METHODS(More)