Nobuyuki Hamano

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A 71-year-old man was scheduled for removal of a Kirchner wire malpositioned in the mediastinum, which had been placed for fixing the fractured right clavicle five months before. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, fentanyl and vecuronium. The wire was found to be penetrating the brachiocephalic artery after sternotomy. An emergency(More)
Gastrointestinal motility disturbances during endotoxemia are probably caused by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced factors: candidates include nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1ss, and interleukin-6. Flow cytometry was used to determine the effects of LPS and these factors on gastric emptying (evaluated indirectly by(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of glycine betaine (GB) on bone marrow death and intestinal damage by gamma rays or carbon ions. C(3)H/He female mice received an i.p.-injection of GB before or after whole-body irradiation with gamma rays or 50 keV microm(-1) carbon ions. The irradiated mice were observed to determine the mortality for 30 days(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis inhibits gastrointestinal motility. Although the exact mechanism of this is unclear, lipopolysaccharide is known to activate macrophages in the gastrointestinal wall, which upregulate their expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). This leads to an increased production of nitric oxide, which relaxes the gastrointestinal(More)
A 42-year-old woman with an Arnold-Chiari abnormality was scheduled for cervical spine surgery. She had severe ankylosing spondylitis, and all her joints from ankles to occipitocervical joint were fixed except hip joints, which had been replaced with artificial joints 20 years before. She could bend her upper body only in a range from -20 to 70 degree from(More)
BACKGROUND Although some studies conducted outside of Japan have addressed the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in treating infections, the dosing regimens and amounts used in Japan are very different from those reported. Here, we investigate the effectiveness of single-dose administration of IVIG in sepsis patients in Japan. METHODS We(More)
Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonist, is a drug often used for sedation. Despite the high prevalence of sedating patients with tumors in intensive care settings, little is known about the effect of sedative drugs on tumor growth. We studied the effect of dexmedetomidine on antitumor immunity in mice. Subhypnotic doses of(More)
To investigate the association between steroid medication before hospital admission and barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). An observational single-center retrospective study was conducted using patients admitted to the general intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital in Japan. We(More)
Background: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is administered to patients with sepsis to improve clinical outcomes. Here, we report the effectiveness of highdose IVIG therapy in patients with sepsis admitted to a teaching hospital. Methods: We analyzed 55 patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) due to sepsis. The patients were categorized into 2(More)
A 69-year-old woman with Rh-negative blood type was scheduled for total pelvic exenteration. Despite having prepared suspected amount of blood, we were forced to transfuse Rh-positive blood after use of anti-D immunoglobulin (0.25 mg) for unexpected massive hemorrhage. Although some strategies (blood-withdrawal system, vascular embolization, discontinuation(More)
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