Nobuyuki Eura

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Objective: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with highly variable phenotypic expression. Some patients have diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and/or arrhythmias, which are risk factors for stroke. However, the mechanism of stroke is poorly understood in patients with DM1. We studied the characteristics of risk-factor(More)
Recently, we studied fallers and non-fallers with Hoehn-Yahr stage III Parkinson's disease (PD) using a path that suddenly narrowed, which we originally designed and produced. A risk of future falls was suggested to be related to slow gait with freezing (SGF) elicited by a fear of falling before arrival at a narrowed entrance or while walking on a narrow(More)
Danon disease, primary lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) deficiency, is characterized clinically by cardiomyopathy, myopathy and intellectual disability in boys. Because Danon disease is inherited in an X-linked dominant fashion, males are more severely affected than females, who usually have only cardiomyopathy without myopathy or(More)
'Dropped head syndrome' (DHS) may be associated with a variety of neurological diseases. The absence of neurological clues to the underlying cause of DHS can make management particularly challenging. We review six patients who presented with only DHS, responded to intravenous edrophonium and turned out to have myasthenia gravis (MG) including similar(More)
We hypothesized that the unusual and painful abdominal contractions in two of our patients with Parkinson disease (PD) were linked to abdominal muscle hypertrophy. The abdominal pain was aggravated by sitting, standing, or walking, and was characterized by a powerful pulling sensation associated with palpable contractions of the rectus abdominis. When the(More)
If invasive ventilation can be avoided by performing noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), the disease can be effectively managed. It is important to clarify the characteristics of patients with neuromuscular diseases in whom initial NIV is likely to be unsuccessful. We studied 27 patients in stable(More)
BACKGROUND It is difficult to predict the risk of falling, especially in patients with good motor ability, and the mechanisms underlying the relation between gait patterns and falling in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain unclear. We investigated factors related to falling, including walking speed and time, in patients with Hoehn-Yahr stage III PD. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES The 2010 revisions to the McDonald criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) were recently published. One objective of the revision was to simplify the MRI criteria. The MRI criteria do not specify magnetic field strength. We studied whether there was any difference in diagnosis between brain 3.0-T and 1.5-T MRI according to the 2010(More)
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