Nobuyuki Akita

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The relationship between arterial or venous thrombosis and the levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and/or existence of lupus anticoagulant (LA) was studied. The 141 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were divided into four groups: aCL single positive (25 cases), LA single positive (11 cases), aCL and LA double positive (25 cases), aCL(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI) regulates the anticoagulant protein C pathway and also inhibits urinary plasminogen activator (uPA), a mediator of tumor cell invasion. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of human PCI and its inactive derivatives on tumor growth and metastasis of human breast cancer (MDA-231) cells, and on angiogenesis in vivo. The(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer has the potential to metastasize to bone, causing debilitating symptoms. Although many tumor cells have thrombin-generating systems originating from tissue factor (TF), therapy in terms of the coagulation system is not well established. To elucidate the efficacy of the thrombin inhibitor, argatroban, on bone metastasis, we(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI), a member of the serine protease inhibitor family, is produced in various human tissues, including the liver, kidney and testis. In addition to inhibiting the anticoagulant protein C pathway, PCI also inhibits urinary plasminogen activator (uPA), which is a well-known mediator of tumor cell invasion. In the present study, to(More)
BACKGROUND C4b-binding protein (C4BP), a multimeric protein structurally composed of alpha chains (C4BPalpha) and a beta chain (C4BPbeta), regulates the anticoagulant activity of protein S (PS). Patients with sepsis have increased levels of plasma C4BP, which appears to be induced by interleukin (IL)-6. However, it is not fully understood how(More)
Contact reaction is the morphological expression of allogeneic recognition by hemocytes in the ascidian, Halocynthia roretzi; namely they undergo an exocytotic burst upon contact with non-self (allogeneic) hemocytes in vitro. We have found that contact reaction is accompanied by a burst of cyanide-insensitive oxygen consumption that, unlike exocytotic(More)
Whether cyclical changes in energy-related phosphate metabolites arise during a cardiac cycle in isolated rat hearts and are affected by differences in myosin isozyme composition was determined. Myocardial adenosine triphosphate (ATP), phosphocreatine (PCr), inorganic phosphate (Pi), and intracellular pH in normal, hypothyroid and hyperthyroid rat hearts(More)
The gap junction proteins connexin32 (Cx32), Cx37, Cx40, and Cx43 are expressed in endothelial cells, and regulate vascular functions involving inflammation, vasculogenesis and vascular remodeling. Aberrant Cxs expression promotes the development of atherosclerosis which is modulated by angiogenesis; however the role played by endothelial Cxs in(More)
INTRODUCTION Protein C inhibitor (PCI), a member of the serine protease inhibitor family, is expressed in various human tissues, including liver and kidneys. In the plasma, PCI physiologically inhibits an anticoagulant serine protease, activated protein C (APC). PCI expressed by cancer cells suppresses tumor invasion by inhibiting urokinase-type plasminogen(More)
Gap junctions (GJs) play an important role in vascular function, stability, and homeostasis in endothelial cells (ECs), and GJs are comprised of members of the connexin (Cx) family. GJs of vascular ECs are assembled from Cx37, Cx40, and Cx43, and we showed that ECs also express Cx32. In this study, we investigated a potential role for Cx32 during vascular(More)