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A concise synthesis of maremycins A and D1 has been accomplished via cycloaddition of a chiral cyclic nitrone with ( E)-3-ethylidene-1-methylindolin-2-one as a key step. This synthesis clarifies the stereochemistry of the maremycins and is suitable for large-scale synthesis for biological screening.
The total syntheses of tetrapeptides tubulysins D (1 b), U (1 c), and V (1 d), which are potent tubulin polymerization inhibitors, are described. The synthesis of Tuv (2), an unusual amino acid constituent of tubulysins, includes an 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of chiral nitrone D-6 derived from D-gulose with N-acryloyl camphor sultam (-)-9 employing… (More)
Ethyl glyoxylate O-tert-butyldimethylsilyloxime (8), on treatment with 2.2 equiv of BF3 x OEt2, generated N-boranonitrone E, which underwent intermolecular cycloaddition with alkenes 18 to afford isoxazolidines 19 in moderate to high yields. The cycloaddition of N-boranonitrone E with most of the alkenes gave 3,5-trans isoxazolidines as the major isomers… (More)
Strategic use of oxophilic (hard) gold(III) and π-philic (soft) gold(I) catalysts provides access to two types of cyclic ethers from propargylic alcohols. Thus, heating propargylic alcohols with an oxophilic gold(III) catalyst (AuBr3) results in cyclization to afford cyclic ethers bearing an acetylenic moiety, due to coordination of gold(III) to the oxygen… (More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of stereoisomers in tubulysin D are described. The stereoselective synthesis of all possible stereoisomers of C-11 and C-13 positions in tubulysin D was achieved by employing 1'-epi-Tuv-Me, 3'-epi-Tuv-Me, and ent-Tuv-Me and their biological properties were evaluated. It is clear that the stereochemistries of the C-11… (More)
ω-Alkynyl O-tert-butyldiphenylsilyloximes, upon treatment with odorless 4-tert-butylbenzenethiol in the presence of azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) in refluxing benzene, underwent addition of a thiyl radical to the alkynyl group followed by radical cyclization of the corresponding vinyl radical onto the O-silyloxime moiety to give cyclic O-silylhydroxylamines… (More)
Total synthesis of grandisine D (5) was achieved by a Brønsted acid mediated Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) ring-closure reaction and stereoselective aldol condensation with (S)-5-methylcyclohexenone (9) as key steps. The MBH approach was also applicable for the construction of the aza-fused bicyclic systems of pyrrolizidine and stemona alkaloids.
This article describes in detail the first total synthesis of grandisine alkaloids, grandisines B, D, and F, which show affinity for the human delta-opioid receptor. The key steps in this synthesis are construction of the isoquinuclidinone moiety of 2 by intramolecular imine formation and the tetracyclic ring system of 4 by stereoselective ring closure of… (More)
Stereoselective vinylogous Mannich reaction of 2-trimethylsilyloxyfuran with L-gulose-derived chiral nitrones in the presence of a catalytic amount of trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate was investigated. The selectivity was strongly influenced by the bulkiness of the C-substituent of the nitrone: for example, C-benzyloxymethyl nitrone afforded four… (More)