Nobuyoshi Ishikawa

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UNLABELLED Recently, complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding a p-aminohippurate (PAH) transporter designated rat organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) was isolated. OAT1, a multispecific organic anion transporter at the basolateral membrane, is exclusively expressed in the middle segment of the proximal tubule in the rat kidney. It has been proposed that OAT1 is(More)
OBJECTIVE Fanconi syndrome is a renal dysfunction characterized by various combinations of renal tubular transport dysfunction involving amino acids, glucose, protein and other substances. Most reabsorption of amino acids occurs in proximal renal tubule segment 1 (S1). The present study evaluated the possibility of early detection of drug-induced Fanconi(More)
INTRODUCTION The fact that d-amino acids have been found in various tissues and are involved in various functions is a clue to how to develop new imaging agents. We examined d-amino acid transport mechanisms in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells because CHO-K1 cells are widely used in biomedical studies and are thought to be useful for expression of genes(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated the use of radiolabeled 4-iodo-L-meta-tyrosine as an amino acid transport marker. The pharmacologic features of this compound, particularly the biodistribution and excretion, were examined by conducting in vivo and in vitro studies using 4-(125)I-iodo-L-meta-tyrosine (4-(125)I-mTyr). Results obtained for L-(14)C-Tyr and(More)
UNLABELLED 3-(123)I-Iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine ((123)I-IMT) has been developed for SPECT of amino acid transport imaging. We examined the isoform selectivity of (125)I-IMT transport of the 2 human L-type amino acid transporters, hLAT1 and hLAT2, with human 4F2hc-coexpressed Xenopus laevis oocytes. METHODS An uptake study of (125)I-IMT was performed(More)
The substance 4-[(125)I]iodo-L-meta-tyrosin (4-[(125)I]mTyr) is a radioiodinated amino acid that exhibits high in vivo stability and rapid renal elimination in vivo. We investigated transport of 4-[(125)I]mTyr in LLC-PK(1) (porcine kidney epithelial cell line) monolayers grown on collagen-coated, micro-porous membrane filters. We found that 4-[(125)I]mTyr(More)
We examined transport of 3-[(125)I]iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine ([(125)I]IMT) in Xenopus laevis oocytes co-expressing human L-type amino acid transporter 1 (a component of system L) and human 4F2hc. Human LAT1 mediated transport of [(125)I]IMT. [(125)I]IMT uptake was decreased by the presence of L-isomers of Cys, Leu, Ileu, Phe, Met, Tyr, His, Trp and Val(More)
This paper describes an algorithm for generating test signals to efficiently test the linearity of ADCs. Linearity is an important testing item for ADCs, and it takes a long time (hence is costly) to test low-sampling-rate, high-resolution ADCs. We here propose to generate a test signal consisting of multiple sine waves, to precisely test the linearity for(More)