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We have characterized matrix metalloproteinase expression in the rat carotid artery after two forms of arterial injury, balloon catheter denudation and nylon filament denudation. Gelatinolytic enzymes with molecular masses of 70 and 62 kD were produced constitutively in the rat carotid. Production of an 88-kD gelatinase was induced after balloon catheter(More)
Therapeutic angiogenesis can be induced by local implantation of bone marrow cells. We tried to enhance the angiogenic potential of this treatment by ex vivo hypoxia stimulation of bone marrow cells before implantation. Bone marrow cells were collected and cultured at 33 degrees C under 2% O(2)-5% CO(2)-90% N(2) (hypoxia) or 95% air-5% CO(2) (normoxia).(More)
Endovascular stent-graft implantation is an alternative to conventional open surgery for the treatment of aortic aneurysm. Forty-nine consecutive patients with aortic aneurysm (thoracic, n = 17; infrarenal, n = 32) were treated with endovascular stent-graft implantation. Complications occurred in 25 patients (two patients had two complications): endoleak (n(More)
PURPOSE Although matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression has been correlated with proliferation and migration of various tumor cells, the relation between MMP expression and smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration has not been established. METHODS We measured MMP expression (gelatin, casein, and elastin zymography) by vascular wall cells in(More)
Neovascularization has recently been used as a new treatment for severe ischemic disease. We tried to induce therapeutic neovascularization by autologous bone marrow cell implantation (BMCI) in eight selected patients with chronic peripheral arterial disease (PAD), in whom traditional treatments had failed. Improvement of subjective symptoms was seen in(More)
The authors report the cases of 2 infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy who were discovered to have hearing loss at 1 year of age. Both boys had been diagnosed as having CDH antenatally and were treated with surgery and high-frequency oscillatory (HFO) therapy. The patterns of(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow possesses endothelial progenitor cells that secrete several growth factors and can contribute to the formation of new capillaries. In the present study, we investigated the extent of angiogenesis induced by implantation of autologous bone marrow cells (BMCs) in a rat ischemic hindlimb model and studied whether the increased collateral(More)
The utility of CORVITA vascular grafts, composed of an inner layer of meshed polyurethane fibers and an outer layer of meshed Dacron reinforcement, for replacement of the abdominal aorta was assessed in a canine model and compared with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts. CORVITA or ePTFE vascular grafts were implanted and left in place for 3 or(More)
OBJECTIVE Enteral administration of synbiotics has been reported to be beneficial during various types of surgery, but its clinical value in elderly surgical patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the changes in gut microbiota and environment induced by perioperative synbiotic therapy, and to investigate whether it is(More)
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation and extracellular matrix remodeling are essential aspects of the arterial response to injury, vessel development, and atherogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression is associated with SMC proliferation and migration after arterial injury. To assess the role of MMPs in SMC proliferation and(More)