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For proteins of higher eukaryotes, such as plants, which have large genomes, recombinant protein expression and purification are often difficult. Expression levels tend to be low and the expressed proteins tend to misfold and aggregate. We tested seven different expression vectors in Escherichia coli for rapid subcloning of rice genes and for protein(More)
AIMS A noncoding RNA, metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), is upregulated in several malignant tumors. Its expression in neuroblastoma, however, is not known, and the regulatory mechanisms of MALAT1 gene expression have not been elucidated. The aim of this study is to clarify how MALAT1 gene expression is altered by extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with clinical stage I/II (T1-2N0M0) oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) usually undergo partial glossectomy alone. However, 14-48% of them develop delayed neck metastasis (DNM), which may lead to an unfavorable course. Recently epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been thought to play a crucial role in cancer metastasis.(More)
With age, human retinal pigment epithelial cells accumulate lipofuscin that can absorb photons in the visible range leading to light-induced damage and impaired vision. A putative precursor of lipofuscin, 2-[2,6-dimethyl-8-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-1E,3E, 5E,7E- octatetraenyl]-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-[4-methyl-6-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1 -(More)
We have designed the in vitro selection method to obtain some aptamers such as a general antibody-probing agent, which might bind to the constant regions of mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses. As a consequence, one of the selected aptamers found to recognize mouse IgG1, 2a, and 3 subclasses. According to the binding assay, it is suggested that this(More)
The orientation of prosthetic groups in membrane proteins is of considerable importance in understanding their functional role in energy conversion, signal transduction, and ion transport. In this work, the orientation of the retinylidene chromophore of bacteriorhodopsin (bR) was investigated using 2H NMR spectroscopy. Bacteriorhodopsin was regenerated with(More)
Nucleic acid amplification techniques were applied to the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with an antibody-specific aptamer, R18. This novel detection system is a modification of the original immuno-polymerase chain reaction (immuno-PCR), but oligonucleotide-labeled antibodies are not required in the assay. This method is performed with the usual(More)
Metal halide perovskite photovoltaic cells could potentially boost the efficiency of commercial silicon photovoltaic modules from ∼20 toward 30% when used in tandem architectures. An optimum perovskite cell optical band gap of ~1.75 electron volts (eV) can be achieved by varying halide composition, but to date, such materials have had poor photostability(More)
Recently, solution-processable organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites have come to the fore as a result of their high power-conversion efficiencies (PCE) in photovoltaics, exceeding 17%. To attain reproducibility in the performance, one of the critical factors is the processing conditions of the perovskite film, which directly influences the(More)
Although there has been rapid progress in the efficiency of perovskite-based solar cells, hysteresis in the current-voltage performance is not yet completely understood. Owing to its complex structure, it is not easy to attribute the hysteretic behavior to any one of different components, such as the bulk of the perovskite or different heterojunction(More)