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Low-specificity l-threonine aldolase, catalyzing the reversible cleavage/condensation reaction between l-threonine/l-allo-threonine and glycine plus acetaldehyde, was purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas sp. NCIMB 10558. The enzyme has an apparent molecular mass of approximately 145 kDa and consists of four identical subunits with a molecular mass of 38(More)
The dtaAX gene encoding a pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (pyridoxal-P)-dependent low-specificity d-threonine aldolase was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans IFO 12669. It contains an open reading frame consisting of 1,134 nucleotides corresponding to 377 amino acid residues. The predicted amino acid sequence displayed 54% identity with that(More)
Phenylacetaldehyde reductase (PAR) produced by styrene-assimilating Corynebacterium strain ST-10 was used to synthesize chiral alcohols. This enzyme with a broad substrate range reduced various prochiral aromatic ketones and beta-ketoesters to yield optically active secondary alcohols with an enantiomeric purity of more than 98% enantiomeric excess (e.e.).(More)
The gene encoding Leifsonia alcohol dehydrogenase (LSADH), a useful biocatalyst for producing (R)-chiral alcohols, was cloned from the genomic DNA of Leifsonia sp. S749. The gene contained an opening reading frame consisting of 756 nucleotides corresponding to 251 amino acid residues. The subunit molecular weight was calculated to be 24,999, which was(More)
A novel β-keto ester reductase (KER) was purified to homogeneity from recombinant Escherichia coli (pTrcKER) cells, which efficiently expressed the ker gene cloned from Penicillium citrinum IFO4631. The enzyme was monomeric and had a molecular mass of 37 kDa. It catalyzed the reduction of some β-keto esters, especially alkyl 4-halo-3-oxobutyrates. However,(More)
Styrene metabolism genes were isolated from styrene-assimilating bacteria Rhodococcus sp. ST-5 and ST-10. Strain ST-5 had a gene cluster containing four open reading frames which encoded styrene degradation enzymes. The genes showed high similarity to styABCD of Pseudomonas sp. Y2. On the other hand, strain ST-10 had only two genes which encoded styrene(More)
In microorganisms, menaquinone is an obligatory component of the electron-transfer pathway. It is derived from chorismate by seven enzymes in Escherichia coli. However, a bioinformatic analysis of whole genome sequences has suggested that some microorganisms, including pathogenic species such as Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni, do not have(More)
To find microorganisms that could reduce phenyl trifluoromethyl ketone (PTK) to (S)-1-phenyltrifluoroethanol [(S)-PTE], styrene-assimilating bacteria (ca. 900 strains) isolated from soil samples were screened. We found that Leifsonia sp. strain S749 was the most suitable strain for the conversion of PTK to (S)-PTE in the presence of 2-propanol as a hydrogen(More)
An asymmetric hydrogen-transfer biocatalyst consisting of mutated Rhodococcus phenylacetaldehyde reductase (PAR) or Leifsonia alcohol dehydrogenase (LSADH) was applied for some water-soluble ketone substrates. Among them, 4-hydroxy-2-butanone was reduced to (S)/(R)-1,3-butanediol, a useful intermediate for pharmaceuticals, with a high yield and(More)
The enzymatic production of (S)-4-bromo-3-hydroxybutyrate has been poorly studied compared with (S)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate. This can be attributed to the toxicity of bromide for biocatalysis. Recently, we isolated cDNA that encodes Penicillium citrinum β-keto ester reductase (KER) and the gene that encodes Leifsonia sp. alcohol dehydrogenase, which(More)