Nobutoki Takamune

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The N-myristoylation of the N-terminal of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) Pr55(gag) by human N-myristoyltransferase (hNMT) is a prerequisite modification for HIV-1 production. hNMT consists of multiple isozymes encoded by hNMT1 and hNMT2. The hNMT1 isozyme consists of long, medium, and short forms. Here, we investigated which isozyme is crucial(More)
HIV-1 infection results in an increased risk of malignancy as well as immune suppression. However, analyses of cancer incidence in chronically immunosuppressed transplant recipients and HIV-infected person have demonstrated an unexpected low incidence of certain types of cancer, such as breast cancers, and the mechanism behind this remains unclarified. In(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strain LAV-1 (HIV-1(LAV-1)) particles were collected by ultracentrifugation, treated with subtilisin, and then purified by Sepharose CL-4B column chromatography to remove microvesicles. The lysate of the purified HIV-1(LAV-1) particles was subjected to two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and stained. The 2D(More)
A cyclic closed-chain dodecapeptide (cDDR5) mimicking the conformation-specific domain of CCR5 was prepared in which Gly-Asp, as a dipeptide forming a spacer arm, links the amino and carboxyl termini of the decapeptidyl linear chain (Arg(168) to Thr(177)) derived from the undecapeptidyl arch (UPA; Arg(168) to Cys(178)) of extracellular loop 2 (ECL2) in(More)
We reported previously that Pin1 facilitates human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) uncoating by interacting with the capsid core through the phosphorylated Ser(16)-Pro(17) motif. However, the specific kinase responsible for Ser(16) phosphorylation has remained unknown. Here, we showed that virion-associated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2(More)
N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) is essential for the survival of eukaryotes and the production of infectious human immunodeficiency virus type-1(HIV-1) by the host cell. In this study, we found decreases in the mRNA levels of human NMT isoforms and the NMT activities in the course of HIV-1 infection in the human T-cell line, CEM. Investigating the cytotoxic(More)
Effective uptake of Ags by specialized M cells of gut-associated lymphoid tissues is an important step in inducing efficient immune responses after oral vaccination. Although stable nontoxic small molecule mimetics of lectins, such as synthetic multivalent polygalloyl derivatives, may have potential in murine M cell targeting, it remains unclear whether(More)
Amyloidogenic transthyretin (ATTR) is the pathogenic protein of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). To establish a tool for analyses of ATTR metabolisms including after liver transplantations, we developed a transgenic rat model expressing human ATTR V30M and confirmed expressions of human ATTR V30M in various tissues. Mass spectrometry for purified(More)
A synthetic cycloimmunogen targeting the HIV-1 coreceptor CCR5 was evaluated for its capacity to induce CCR5-specific Abs with anti-HIV-1 activity in cynomolgus macaques. The cyclic closed-chain dodecapeptide (cDDR5) mimicking the conformation-specific domain of human CCR5 was chemically prepared, in which the Gly-Glu dipeptide links the amino and carboxy(More)
The process by which the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) conical core dissociates is called uncoating, but not much is known about this process. Here, we show that the uncoating process requires the interaction of the capsid (CA) protein with the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 that specifically recognizes the phosphorylated serine/threonine(More)