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The lipid droplet (LD) is an organelle that is used for the storage of neutral lipids. It dynamically moves through the cytoplasm, interacting with other organelles, including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). These interactions are thought to facilitate the transport of lipids and proteins to other organelles. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a causative agent(More)
The Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathway is one of the most important in transducing signals from the cell surface to the nucleus in response to cytokines. In the present study, we investigated chronological alteration and cellular location of JAK1, STAT3, phosphorylated (p)-Tyr1022/1023-JAK1,(More)
We investigated the localization of components of translational machinery and their regulators in the postsynaptic region. We examined several components, especially those involved in translational regulation: components of (1) MAPK-Mnk-eIF4E, (2) PI3-kinase-PDK-Akt/PKB-FRAP/mTOR-PHAS/4EBP, (3) p70S6K-S6 ribosomal protein and (4) eEF2 kinase/CaMKIII-eEF2(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays a neuroprotective role after cerebral ischemia through the production of NO, which enhances cerebral blood flow. However, precise details regarding activation of eNOS after spinal cord injury (SCI) largely remain to be elucidated. In the present study we investigated chronological alteration and cellular(More)
Schnurri-2 (Shn-2), an nuclear factor-κB site-binding protein, tightly binds to the enhancers of major histocompatibility complex class I genes and inflammatory cytokines, which have been shown to harbor common variant single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with schizophrenia. Although genes related to immunity are implicated in schizophrenia, there has(More)
The synaptic localization of molecular chaperones, heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70) and Hsp40, was investigated immunohistochemically in the normal rat brain. Postsynaptic density (PSD) fractions contained a constitutive form of HSP70, heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70 or p73) but not inducible form of HSP70 (p72). The immunoreactivities of Hsc70(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Production of NO by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is thought to play a neuroprotective role after cerebral ischemia. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) contributes to activation of eNOS by Ca2+/calmodulin and also stimulates the protein kinase Akt, which directly phosphorylates eNOS on Ser1177 and increases enzyme(More)
Neurocalcin (molecular weight 23,000 and 24,000) is a newly identified Ca2+ binding protein with three EF-hand domains and has a strong amino acid sequence homology with visinin and recoverin (Terasawa, M., Nakano, A., Kobayashi, R., and Hidaka, H. J. Biol. Chem. In press). We produced antibody against neurocalcin. Immunoblotting showed the presence of(More)
Distribution of a signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (Stat3) was examined in the rat brain. Immunoreactivity was distributed in the neurons, as well as glia cells, throughout the rat brain. Western blotting of subcellular fractions showed distribution in the synaptic fractions (synaptosome, synaptic plasma membrane, and postsynaptic(More)
We studied the localization of calcineurin by immunoblotting analysis and immunohistochemistry as a first step in clarifying the role of calcineurin in the retina. Rat, bovine, and human retinal tissues were examined with subtype-nonspecific and subtype-specific antibodies for the A alpha and A beta isoforms of its catalytic subunit. In mature retinas of(More)