Nobutake Hosoi

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Recruitment of release-ready vesicles at synapses is one of the important factors, which determine dynamic properties of signaling between neurons in the brain. It has been shown that the rate of vesicle recruitment is accelerated by strong synaptic activity. An elevated concentration of calcium ions in the presynaptic terminal ([Ca2+]i) has been proposed(More)
The mechanism coupling exocytosis and endocytosis remains to be elucidated at central synapses. Here, we show that the mechanism linking these two processes is dependent on microdomain-[Ca2+](i) similar to that which triggers exocytosis, as well as the exocytotic protein synaptobrevin/VAMP. Furthermore, block of endocytosis has a limited, retrograde action(More)
Properties of glutamatergic synaptic transmission were investigated by simultaneously voltage-clamping a pair of connected bipolar cells and cells in the ganglion cell layer (GLCs) in the newt retinal slice preparation. Activation of the Ca2+ current in a single bipolar cell was essential for evoking the glutamatergic postsynaptic current in the GLC.(More)
Staggerer mutant mice have functional loss of a transcription factor, retinoid-related orphan receptor α (RORα), which is abundantly expressed in Purkinje cells (PCs) of the cerebellum.Homozygous staggerer (sg/sg)mice show cerebellar hypoplasia and congenital ataxia. Sg/sg mice serve as an important extreme mouse model of the hereditary spinocerebellar(More)
We examined the role of glutamate uptake in the synaptic transmission of graded responses from newt retinal bipolar cells (BCs) to ganglion layer cells (GLCs). In dissociated Müller cells (retinal glia), glutamate evoked an uptake current that was effectively inhibited by L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid (PDC). PDC had no effect on the non-NMDA(More)
Light responses of photoreceptors (rods and cones) are transmitted to the second-order neurons (bipolar cells and horizontal cells) via glutamatergic synapses located in the outer plexiform layer of the retina. Although it has been well established that postsynaptic group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) of ON bipolar cells contribute to(More)
It was previously reported that functional glycine receptors were expressed in neonatal prefrontal cortex; however, the glycine-releasing cells were unknown. We hypothesized that astrocytes might be a major glycine source, and examined the glycine release properties of astrocytes. We also hypothesized that dopamine (DA) might be a trigger for the astrocytic(More)
KEY POINTS Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by a gene defect, leading to movement disorder such as cerebellar ataxia. It remains largely unknown which functional defect contributes to the cerebellar ataxic phenotype in SCA1. In this study, we report progressive dysfunction of metabotropic glutamate(More)
When it comes to synaptic vesicles, synapses seem to know a thing or two about supply and demand. High-frequency stimulation increases exocytosis and results in an accelerated recruitment of additional vesicles within the nerve terminal, a process thought to rely on intracellular calcium. This week, Hosoi et al. took advantage of the accessibility of the(More)
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