Nobutaka Kiyokawa

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Shiga toxin (Stx) is an enterotoxin produced by Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, which binds specifically to globotriaosylceramide, Gb3, on the cell surface and causes cell death. We previously demonstrated that Stx induced apoptosis in human renal tubular cell line ACHN cells (Taguchi, T., Uchida, H., Kiyokawa, N.,(More)
Depletion of p115 with small interfering RNA caused fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus, resulting in dispersed distribution of stacked short cisternae and a vesicular structure (mini-stacked Golgi). The mini-stacked Golgi with cis- and trans-organization is functional in protein transport and glycosylation, although secretion is considerably retarded in(More)
Ewing's family tumor (EFT) is a rare pediatric tumor of unclear origin that occurs in bone and soft tissue. Specific chromosomal translocations found in EFT cause EWS to fuse to a subset of ets transcription factor genes (ETS), generating chimeric EWS/ETS proteins. These proteins are believed to play a crucial role in the onset and progression of EFT.(More)
The role of CD77 expressed on a fraction of germinal center B cells, also known as glycosphyngolipid Gb3, and as a functional receptor for Shiga toxins (Stx) in B-cell receptor (BCR)-mediated apoptosis was investigated. Using Stx1-sensitive Burkitt's lymphoma Ramos cells as an in vitro model of CD77(+) germinal center B cells, intracellular signaling events(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the HER-2/neu oncogene in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines and tumor tissue specimens. DESIGN Molecular analysis of HER-2/neu oncogene amplification and expression in HNSCC cell lines by Southern, Northern, and Western blot techniques, and HER-2/neu oncoprotein expression in HNSCC tumor tissue sections by(More)
Shiga toxin is a bacterial toxin consisting of A and B subunits. Generally, the essential cytotoxicity of the toxin is thought to be mediated by the A subunit, which possesses RNA cleavage activity and thus induces protein synthesis inhibition. We previously reported, however, that the binding of the Shiga toxin 1-B subunit to globotriaosyl ceramide, a(More)
Apoptosis mediated by verotoxins (VTs) has been identified in a renal carcinoma cell line, ACHN cells, which are an in vitro model of renal tubular epithelial cells. ACHN cells express the renal tubular marker CD24 as well as globotriaosyl ceramide/CD77, the receptor for VTs. VT binding to the ACHN cell surface was confirmed by positive staining with(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx) binds to the receptor glycolipid Gb3Cer on the cell surface and is responsible for hemolytic uremic syndrome. Stx has two isoforms, Stx1 and Stx2, and in clinical settings Stx2 is known to cause more severe symptoms, although the differences between the mechanisms of action of Stx1 and Stx2 are as yet unknown. In this study, the binding(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) is involved in the efflux of nucleoside derivatives and has a role in the determination of drug sensitivity. We investigated the relationship between MRP4 genetic polymorphisms and doses of the 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and methotrexate. Further, we evaluated the frequency of therapeutic interruption during maintenance(More)
Here, we report the highly efficient in vitro differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MPCs) using a novel nanotechnology-based culture plate, nanoculture plate(®) (NCP). The NCP contains uneven microfabrications with diameters of ∼2-3 μm arranged in a honeycomb pattern on its culture surface, which is devoid of(More)