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The adult brain is extremely vulnerable to various insults. The recent discovery of neural progenitors in adult mammals, however, raises the possibility of repairing damaged tissue by recruiting their latent regenerative potential. Here we show that activation of endogenous progenitors leads to massive regeneration of hippocampal pyramidal neurons after(More)
Ubiquitin, an essential protein in nonlysosomal proteolytic system, is expressed after metabolic stress to the cell. The authors investigated stress response of ubiquitin in the hippocampus of the Mongolian gerbil after forebrain ischemia. The level of hippocampal ubiquitin was compared with that under ischemic tolerance induced by ischemic preconditioning.(More)
Delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region after transient forebrain ischemia may share its underlying mechanism with neurodegeneration and other modes of neuronal death. The precise mechanism, however, remains unknown. In the postischemic hippocampus, conjugated ubiquitin accumulates and free ubiquitin is depleted, suggesting impaired proteasome(More)
OBJECTIVE RNF213 was recently reported as a susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease (MMD). Our aim was to clarify the correlation between the RNF213 genotype and MMD phenotype. METHODS The entire coding region of the RNF213 gene was sequenced in 204 patients with MMD, and corresponding variants were checked in 62 pairs of parents, 13 mothers and 4(More)
OBJECT The long-term outcome of stereotactic radiosurgery for cavernous sinus (CS) meningiomas is not fully understood. The authors retrospectively reviewed their experience with 40 CS meningiomas treated with gamma knife radiosurgery. METHODS Follow-up periods for the 40 patients ranged from 12 to 123 months (median 42 months), and the overall tumor(More)
Effect of spreading depression (SD) on survival of CA1 hippocampal neurons was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to cardiac arrest cerebral ischaemia (CACI). SD was induced either by the topical application of KCI to the cerebral cortex (CSD) or by KCI perfusion of the hippocampus via a microdialysis cannula (HSD). CACI was carried out by(More)
Although radiation injuries to the brain are well documented, immediate early histological changes in the brain remain to be defined. The present study characterizes glial injury provoked in adult rat white matter within 24 h after a single irradiation of the whole brain (10 or 20 Gray). Irradiated brains were histologically and histochemically analyzed.(More)
Thirty-seven small thalamic hemorrhages (less than 2 cm) were classified into four types depending on topographic location. Patients with posterolateral lesions had severe sensory and motor disability as well as the worst prognosis. Anterolateral lesions resulted in mild prefrontal signs with milder sensory and motor impairment. Medial hematomas disturbed(More)
OBJECT Radiosurgery has been widely adopted for the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in which the practical endpoint is angiographic evidence of obliteration, presumed to be consistent with elimination of the risk of hemorrhage. To test this unverified assumption, the authors followed 236 radiosurgery-treated AVMs between 1 and 133(More)
OBJECT The outcomes after Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) were retrospectively analyzed in patients with brain metastases from radioresistant primary colorectal cancer to evaluate the efficacy of GKS and the prognostic factors for local tumor control and overall survival. METHODS The authors reviewed the medical records of 152 patients with 616 tumors. The(More)