Nobutaka Kawahara

Learn More
The adult brain is extremely vulnerable to various insults. The recent discovery of neural progenitors in adult mammals, however, raises the possibility of repairing damaged tissue by recruiting their latent regenerative potential. Here we show that activation of endogenous progenitors leads to massive regeneration of hippocampal pyramidal neurons after(More)
Neonatal hypoxic/ischemic (H/I) brain injury causes neurological impairment, including cognitive and motor dysfunction as well as seizures. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating neuron death after H/I injury are poorly defined and remain controversial. Here we show that Atg7, a gene essential for autophagy induction, is a critical mediator of(More)
Telomere lengthening is one of the key events in most cancers, and depends largely on telomerase activation. Telomerase activation is a well-known phenomenon in gliomas; however, its mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we investigated the presence of mutations in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene in a series of 546(More)
Genome-wide gene expression analysis of the hippocampal CA1 region was conducted in a rat global ischemia model for delayed neuronal death and induced ischemic tolerance using an oligonucleotide-based DNA microarray containing 8,799 probes. The results showed that expression levels of 246 transcripts were increased and 213 were decreased following ischemia,(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was better preoperative planning and direct application to intraoperative procedures through accurate coregistration of diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging-based tractography results and anatomical three-dimensional magnetic resonance images and subsequent importation of the combined images to a neuronavigation system (functional(More)
BACKGROUND Angiography shows that stereotactic radiosurgery obliterates most cerebral arteriovenous malformations after a latency period of a few years. However, the effect of this procedure on the risk of hemorrhage is poorly understood. METHODS We performed a retrospective observational study of 500 patients with malformations who were treated with(More)
Choosing the right operation for metastatic spinal tumours is often difficult, and depends on many factors, including life expectancy and the balance of the risk of surgery against the likelihood of improving quality of life. Several prognostic scores have been devised to help the clinician decide the most appropriate course of action, but there still(More)
Delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region after transient forebrain ischemia may share its underlying mechanism with neurodegeneration and other modes of neuronal death. The precise mechanism, however, remains unknown. In the postischemic hippocampus, conjugated ubiquitin accumulates and free ubiquitin is depleted, suggesting impaired proteasome(More)
OBJECT Radiosurgery has been widely adopted for the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in which the practical endpoint is angiographic evidence of obliteration, presumed to be consistent with elimination of the risk of hemorrhage. To test this unverified assumption, the authors followed 236 radiosurgery-treated AVMs between 1 and 133(More)
We have developed a technique for total en bloc spondylectomy through a posterior approach and now report our experience of 20 patients with a solitary or localised metastasis in the thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. There are two steps: an en bloc laminectomy, followed by en bloc resection of the vertebral body with an oncological wide margin and the insertion(More)