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Feedforward control of sound and vibration using a neural network-based control system is considered, with the aim being to derive an architecture/algorithm combination which is capable of supplanting the commonly used finite impulse response filter/filtered-x least mean square (LMS) linear arrangement for certain nonlinear problems. An adaptive algorithm(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2 to HCO3-. In eukaryotes, the enzyme plays a role in various physiological functions, including interconversion between CO2 and HCO3- in intermediary metabolism, facilitated diffusion of CO2, pH homeostasis and ion transport. The structure of bovine carbonic(More)
Application of C18 monolithic silica capillary columns in HPLC coupled to ion trap mass spectrometry detection was studied for probing the metabolome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. It could be shown that the use of a long capillary column is an easy and effective approach to reduce ionization suppression by enhanced chromatographic resolution.(More)
Norovirus 3C-like proteases are crucial to proteolytic processing of norovirus polyproteins. We determined the crystal structure of the 3C-like protease from Chiba virus, a norovirus, at 2.8-A resolution. An active site including Cys139 and His30 is present, as is a hydrogen bond network that stabilizes the active site conformation. In the oxyanion hole(More)
2050 Disclaimer This report is the result of a collaborative effort between the international energy agency (iea), its member countries, and various consultants and experts worldwide. Users of this report shall make their own independent business decisions at their own risk and, in particular, without undue reliance on this report. Nothing in this report(More)
Reduction of through-pore size and skeleton size of a monolithic silica column was attempted to provide high separation efficiency in a short time. Monolithic silica columns were prepared to have various sizes of skeletons (approximately 1-2 microm) and through-pores (approximately 2-8 microm) in a fused-silica capillary (50-200 microm I.D.). The columns(More)
We have developed one-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry systems with meter-scale reversed phase monolithic silica-C₁₈ capillary columns for human proteome analysis. When tryptic peptides from 4 μg HeLa cell lysate proteins were directly injected onto a 4-m, 100 μm i.d. monolithic silica-C₁₈ column and an 8-h gradient was applied at(More)
Catalase-peroxidase is a member of the class I peroxidase superfamily. The enzyme exhibits both catalase and peroxidase activities to remove the harmful peroxide molecule from the living cell. The 2.0 A crystal structure of the catalase-peroxidase from Haloarcula marismortui (HmCP) reveals that the enzyme is a dimer of two identical subunits. Each subunit(More)
A novel method has been developed to improve protein-crystal perfection during crystallization in a high magnetic field and structural studies have been undertaken. The three-dimensional structure of orthorhombic hen egg-white (HEW) lysozyme crystals grown in a homogeneous and static magnetic field of 10 T has been determined and refined to a resolution of(More)
The crystal structure of xylanase 10B from Thermotoga maritima MSB8 (TmxB), a hyperthermostable xylanase, has been solved in its native form and in complex with xylobiose or xylotriose at 1.8 A resolution. In order to gain insight into the substrate subsite and the molecular features for thermal stability, we compared TmxB with family 10 xylanase structures(More)