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Feedforward control of sound and vibration using a neural network-based control system is considered, with the aim being to derive an architecture/algorithm combination which is capable of supplanting the commonly used finite impulse response filter/filtered-x least mean square (LMS) linear arrangement for certain nonlinear problems. An adaptive algorithm(More)
2050 Disclaimer This report is the result of a collaborative effort between the international energy agency (iea), its member countries, and various consultants and experts worldwide. Users of this report shall make their own independent business decisions at their own risk and, in particular, without undue reliance on this report. Nothing in this report(More)
Arguably active noise control enables the sound suppression at the designated control points, while the sound pressure except the targeted locations is likely to augment. The reason is clear; a control source normally radiates the sound omnidirectionally. To cope with this problem, this paper introduces a parametric array loudspeaker (PAL) which produces a(More)
A polyacrylamide (PAAm)-modified monolithic silica capillary column of increased phase ratio, 200T-PAAm, for hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) was prepared. The column showed high separation efficiency, with a theoretical plate height H = 7-20 microm at a linear velocity, u = 1-7 mm/s. From a kinetic plot analysis, it was expected that(More)
The effects of acoustic and visual stimuli and their synergistic effects on heart rate variability including gender differences were investigated. Of particular interest was the influence of visual stimulus on heart rate variability during listening to simple sounds of different characters. Twelve male and 12 female university students were selected as(More)
The ability to observe chemical reactions at the molecular level convincingly demonstrates the physical and chemical phenomena occurring throughout a reaction mechanism. Videos obtained through in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed the oxidation of catalytic soot under practical reaction conditions. Carbon oxidation reactions using Ag/SiO2(More)
The ability to determine the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovating firms, and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. The Oslo Manual is the foremost international source of guidelines for the collection and use of(More)
Acoustic cluster control is proposed for the purpose of achieving global sound attenuation of a planar structure. First, acoustic cluster filtering using a point sensor array is presented, which enables the grouping of sound radiated from a target object into a set of clusters, such that each cluster possesses the same common characteristics. This allows(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeal sulredoxin from Sulfolobus tokodaii is a water-soluble high-potential Rieske [2Fe-2S] protein with unique pH-dependent redox properties compared with its mesophilic homologues in cytochrome bc1/b6f complexes. The oxidized recombinant sulredoxin has been crystallized by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using 30%(v/v)(More)