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Feedforward control of sound and vibration using a neural network-based control system is considered, with the aim being to derive an architecture/algorithm combination which is capable of supplanting the commonly used finite impulse response filter/filtered-x least mean square (LMS) linear arrangement for certain nonlinear problems. An adaptive algorithm(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2 to HCO3-. In eukaryotes, the enzyme plays a role in various physiological functions, including interconversion between CO2 and HCO3- in intermediary metabolism, facilitated diffusion of CO2, pH homeostasis and ion transport. The structure of bovine carbonic(More)
Application of C18 monolithic silica capillary columns in HPLC coupled to ion trap mass spectrometry detection was studied for probing the metabolome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. It could be shown that the use of a long capillary column is an easy and effective approach to reduce ionization suppression by enhanced chromatographic resolution.(More)
Norovirus 3C-like proteases are crucial to proteolytic processing of norovirus polyproteins. We determined the crystal structure of the 3C-like protease from Chiba virus, a norovirus, at 2.8-A resolution. An active site including Cys139 and His30 is present, as is a hydrogen bond network that stabilizes the active site conformation. In the oxyanion hole(More)
Reduction of through-pore size and skeleton size of a monolithic silica column was attempted to provide high separation efficiency in a short time. Monolithic silica columns were prepared to have various sizes of skeletons (approximately 1-2 microm) and through-pores (approximately 2-8 microm) in a fused-silica capillary (50-200 microm I.D.). The columns(More)
2050 Disclaimer This report is the result of a collaborative effort between the international energy agency (iea), its member countries, and various consultants and experts worldwide. Users of this report shall make their own independent business decisions at their own risk and, in particular, without undue reliance on this report. Nothing in this report(More)
The crystal structure of xylanase 10B from Thermotoga maritima MSB8 (TmxB), a hyperthermostable xylanase, has been solved in its native form and in complex with xylobiose or xylotriose at 1.8 A resolution. In order to gain insight into the substrate subsite and the molecular features for thermal stability, we compared TmxB with family 10 xylanase structures(More)
Xylanase J (XynJ) from alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. 41M-1 is an alkaline xylanase. The crystal structure has been solved with XynJ. Improvement of the alkaliphily of XynJ was attempted by amino acid substitutions. Reinforcing the characteristic salt bridge in the catalytic cleft and introducing excess Arg residues on the protein surface shifted the optimum pH(More)
Growth-limiting stresses in bacteria induce the general stress response to protect the cells against future stresses. Energy stress caused by starvation conditions in Bacillus subtilis is transmitted to the sigma(B) transcription factor by stress-response regulators. RsbP, a positive regulator, is a phosphatase containing a PAS (Per-ARNT-Sim) domain and(More)