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Capecitabine (N4-pentyloxycarbonyl-5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine) is a novel oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate, which is converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) selectively in tumours through a cascade of three enzymes. The present study investigated tissue localisation of the three enzymes in humans, which was helpful for us to design the compound. Carboxylesterase(More)
To identify an orally available fluoropyrimidine having efficacy and safety profiles greatly improved over those of parenteral 5-fluorouracil (5-FU: 1), we designed a 5-FU prodrug that would pass intact through the intestinal mucisa and be sequentially converted to 5-FU by enzymes that are highly expressed in the human liver and then in tumors. Among(More)
An estimated 170 million individuals worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), a serious cause of chronic liver disease. Current interferon-based therapy for treating HCV infection has an unsatisfactory cure rate, and the development of more efficient drugs is needed. During the early stages of HCV infections, various host genes are(More)
As in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans harbors three chitin synthases called CaChs1p, CaChs2p, and CaChs3p, which are structurally and functionally analogous to the S. cerevisiae ScChs2p, ScChs1p, and ScChs3p, respectively. In S. cerevisiae, ScCHS1, ScCHS2, and ScCHS3 are all non-essential genes; only the simultaneous(More)
Introducing a sulfamide moiety to our coumarin derivatives afforded enhanced Raf/MEK inhibitory activity concomitantly with an acceptable PK profile. Novel sulfamide 17 showed potent HCT116 cell growth inhibition (IC50=8 nM) and good PK profile (bioavailability of 51% in mouse), resulting in high in vivo antitumor efficacy in the HCT116 xenograft (ED50=4.8(More)
Modification of the C-2 position of a benzofuran derivative 6 (RO-09-4609), an N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) inhibitor, has led us to discover antifungal agents that are active in a murine systemic candidiasis model. The drug design is based on the analysis of a crystal structure of a Candida Nmt complex with 2. The optimization has been guided by various(More)
A new series of acid-stable antifungal agents having strong inhibitory activity against Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) has been developed starting from acid-unstable benzofuranylmethyl aryl ether 2. The inhibitor design is based on X-ray crystallographic analysis of a CaNmt complex with aryl ether 3. Among the new inhibitors, pyridine(More)
The C-4 side chain modification of lead compound 1 has resulted in the identification of a potent and selective Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) inhibitor RO-09-4609, which exhibits antifungal activity against C. albicans in vitro. Further modification of its C-2 substituent has led to the discovery of RO-09-4879, which exhibits antifungal(More)
Studies of various analogs related to the antirhinovirus agent 4'-ethoxy-2'-hydroxy-4,6'-dimethoxychalcone (Chalcone Ro 09-0410) led to the identification of amide analogs that are 4.5 to 10 times more active against human rhinovirus (HRV) in tissue culture as measured by chemotherapeutic indices. Chalcone amides Ro 09-0535, Ro 09-0696 and Ro 09-0881(More)
Potent and selective Candida albicans N-myristoyltransferase (CaNmt) inhibitors have been identified through optimization of a lead compound 1 discovered by random screening. The inhibitor design is based on the crystal structure of the CaNmt complex with compound (S)-3 and structure-activity relationships (SARs) have been clarified. Modification of the C-4(More)