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Identifying the genomic regions bound by sequence-specific regulatory factors is central both to deciphering the complex DNA cis-regulatory code that controls transcription in metazoans and to determining the range of genes that shape animal morphogenesis. We used whole-genome tiling arrays to map sequences bound in Drosophila melanogaster embryos by the(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase, calcineurin, is activated by specific environmental conditions, including exposure to Ca(2+) and Na(+), and induces gene expression by regulating the Crz1p/Tcn1p transcription factor. We used DNA microarrays to perform a comprehensive analysis of calcineurin/Crz1p-dependent(More)
Rearrangements of about 2.5 kilobases of regulatory DNA located 5' of the transcription start site of the Drosophila even-skipped locus generate large-scale changes in the expression of even-skipped stripes 2, 3, and 7. The most radical effects are generated by juxtaposing the minimal stripe enhancers MSE2 and MSE3 for stripes 2 and 3 with and without small(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) exhibits insulin-like growth factor-dependent growth. SCLC is the most aggressive among known in vivo lung cancers, whereas in vitro growth of SCLC is paradoxically slow as compared with that of non-SCLC (NSCLC). In this study, we demonstrate that SCLC cells overexpress insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-2 via(More)
CD133 is one of the most representative cancer stem cell markers. This study evaluated the potential prognostic value of CD133 expression in stage I lung adenocarcinomas (ADC). Tumors from 177 patients were immunohistochemically examined for CD133 expression, and their associations with disease recurrence were analyzed. Also, the potential prognostic value(More)
The validity of limited surgery for lung carcinomas have not been clearly established. Several reports suggest that not only tumor size but also the histological findings may be of importance in this role. By conducting immunohistochemical examinations of lymph node micrometastases from small lung adenocarcinomas, we considered the suitability of limited(More)
Cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) function by binding sequence specific transcription factors, but the relationship between in vivo physical binding and the regulatory capacity of factor-bound DNA elements remains uncertain. We investigate this relationship for the well-studied Twist factor in Drosophila melanogaster embryos by analyzing genome-wide factor(More)
Our preliminary studies revealed that oncogenic KRAS (KRAS/V12) dramatically suppressed the growth of immortalized airway epithelial cells (NHBE-T, with viral antigen-inactivated p53 and RB proteins). This process appeared to be a novel event, different from the so-called premature senescence that is induced by either p53 or RB, suggesting the existence of(More)
The salient histopathologic features of low-grade adenocarcinoma of the fetal lung type (L-FLAC)/well-differentiated fetal adenocarcinoma (WDFA) include complex glandular structures and morules with biotin-rich optically clear nuclei. Interestingly, these characteristic features are shared by the cribriform-morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to establish accurate prognostic markers to predict the post-operative recurrence of stage I lung adenocarcinomas (ADC). One-hundred and ninety cases of stage I ADC were examined for KRAS mutations and Ki-67 expression, and their associations with disease recurrence were analyzed. KRAS-mutated cases showed a(More)