Nobuo Niimura

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Neutron crystallography has had an important, but relatively small role in structural biology over the years. In this review of recently determined neutron structures, a theme emerges of a field currently expanding beyond its traditional boundaries, to address larger and more complex problems, with smaller samples and shorter data collection times, and(More)
Dissimilatory sulfite reductase D (DsrD) from Desulfovibrio vulgaris has been crystallized for a neutron diffraction study. The initial crystals obtained were too small for the neutron experiment. In order to obtain a larger crystal (>1 mm3), a combination of two techniques was developed to determine the optimum crystallization conditions: a crystallization(More)
Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPS) catalyzes the condensation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate to FPP and is known to be a molecular target of osteoporosis drugs, such as risedronate (RIS), which is a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate. The protonation states and hydration structure of RIS bound to FPPS were determined(More)
Neutron diffraction provides an experimental method of directly locating H atoms in proteins, a technique complementary to ultra-high-resolution X-ray diffraction. Three different types of neutron diffractometers for biological macromolecules have been constructed in Japan, France and the USA, and they have been used to determine the crystal structures of(More)
The structural behavior of the nucleosome core particles in the range of solvent Na+ concentration from 10.45 to 0.45 mM has been studied by small-angle neutron and synchroton radiation X-ray scattering, sedimentation, atomic absorption spectroscopy, density measurements, and circular dichroism. With decreasing salt concentration, the appearance of a(More)
A new neutron single-crystal diffractometer (BIX-4) has been constructed at 1G-B port of JRR-3M in JAERI. Since at 1G-B port another diffractometer for biology, BIX-3, and a high-resolution powder diffractometer (HRPD) coexist, the monochromator house needed to be reconstructed. The main architecture of BIX-4 is based on that of BIX-3. BIX-4 uses an(More)
Neutron diffraction provides an experimental method of directly locating hydrogen atoms in proteins. High-resolution neutron diffractometers dedicated to biological macromolecules (BIX-type diffractometer) have been constructed at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute and they have been used in the 1.5Å-resolution crystal structure analyses of several(More)
We conducted an elution experiment with contaminated soils using various aqueous reagent solutions and autoradiography measurements of contaminated bamboo shoots and shiitake mushrooms to determine the physical and chemical characteristics of radioactive Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Based on our study results and data in the(More)
Neutron quasi-Laue diffraction data (2 Å resolution) from tetragonal hen egg-white lysozyme were collected in ten days with neutron imaging plates. The data processing Laue software, LAUEGEN, developed for X-ray Laue diffractometry, was adapted for neutron diffractometry with a cylindrical detector. The data analysis software, X-PLOR, was modified and used(More)
It has long been suspected that the structure and function of a DNA duplex can be strongly dependent on its degree of hydration. By neutron diffraction experiments, we have succeeded in determining most of the hydrogen (H) and deuterium (D) atomic positions in the decameric d(CCATTAATGG)2 duplex. Moreover, the D positions in 27 D2O molecules have been(More)