Nobuo Nemoto

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The effects of male and female hormones as well as glucocorticoid upon the expression of Cyp2b-9 and Cyp2b-10 were investigated in C57BL/6 mouse liver and hepatocytes in primary culture. Their expression in the untreated female liver was higher than that in the male liver. More Cyp2b-9 mRNA than Cyp2b-10 was present in the female than in the male liver,(More)
Smads are intracellular signaling mediators of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily that regulates a wide variety of biological processes. Among them, Smads 2 and 3 are activated specifically by TGF-beta. We identified c-Ski as a Smad2 interacting protein. c-Ski is the cellular homologue of the v-ski oncogene product and has been shown(More)
Expression of a female-specific CYP3A in the adult mouse liver was observed on immunoblotting analysis. To characterize this cytochrome P450, we determined the primary structure of its cDNA and examined its expression profile. This cytochrome P450 consisted of 504 amino acids and showed 92, 68, 88, and 69% amino acid sequence identity with mouse CYP3A11,(More)
A second female-predominant murine CYP3A, CYP3A44, was isolated from liver and its mRNA expression was compared with that of the previously described CYP3A41. The expression of CYP3A44 was relatively constant after birth in females, whereas it gradually declined in males after 5 weeks of age. The expression of CYP3A41 increased with age in females after 3(More)
The regulation mechanism of female-predominant expression of the mouse Cyp2b9 gene was investigated in vivo and in vitro. Luciferase reporter assay revealed that the -234/-194 region of the Cyp2b9 gene may be responsible for sexually dimorphic expression. There is a predicted forkhead box A2 (FoxA2) (hepatic nuclear factor 3beta)-binding site in this(More)
CYP2A6 is an enzyme with a high ability to activate a nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), to its potent and ultimate carcinogen. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphism of CYP2A6 and lung cancer risk in a case-control study of Japanese subjects. Genotyping of the CYP2A6 gene in both(More)
Cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) is the principal enzyme involved in the metabolic activation of tobacco-specific nitrosamines to their ultimate carcinogenic forms and metabolism of nicotine. We investigated the effects of the CYP2A6*4, an entire CYP2A6 gene deletion-type polymorphism, on lung cancer risk and daily cigarette consumption in Japanese male smokers(More)
The effects of phenobarbital treatment on the expression of the cytochrome P-450 (CYP or P-450) enzyme CYP1A2 in the livers of mice of various strains were examined. Phenobarbital induced the expression of CYP1A2 at the levels of mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity (methoxyresorufin O-demethylation and metabolic activation of(More)
1. Since limited information is available about alterations of cytochrome P450 levels in diabetic animals other than rat, expression of P450s in the liver and kidney of the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse was investigated. 2. The mRNA levels of CYP2B10, 3A11, 4A10 and 4A14 in the liver were increased in the STZ-induced diabetic mouse of both(More)
The expression of eight mouse hepatic cytochrome P450s (P450s) genes was investigated at the mRNA level in relation with the pattern of growth hormone (GH) administration. The constitutive expression of five sex-dependent P450s was sexually dimorphic, namely female>male for CYP2A4, CYP2B9, CYP2B10, and CYP3A41, and male>female for CYP2D9. In mice neonatally(More)