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Soils are rich in organics, particularly those that support growth of plants. These organics are possible sources of sustainable energy, and a microbial fuel cell (MFC) system can potentially be used for this purpose. Here, we report the application of an MFC system to electricity generation in a rice paddy field. In our system, graphite felt electrodes(More)
Microorganisms inhabiting subterranean oil fields have recently attracted much attention. Since intact groundwater can easily be obtained from the bottom of underground oil-storage cavities without contamination by surface water, studies on such oil-storage cavities are expected to provide valuable information to understand microbial ecology of subterranean(More)
A strictly anaerobic bacterial strain, designated XDT-1T, was isolated from plant residue from a methanogenic reactor treating waste from cattle farms. Cells of the strain were Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods. Haemin was required for growth. The strain utilized xylan as well as various sugars including arabinose, xylose, glucose, mannose,(More)
A strictly anaerobic, mesophilic and aminolytic strain (WN036(T)) was isolated from a methanogenic reactor treating waste from cattle farms. Cells were Gram-positive cocci, often occurred in pairs and were non-motile. Although spore formation was not confirmed by microscopic observation of cells, the strain produced thermotolerant cells. The optimum(More)
Soil bacterial composition, as influenced by biological soil disinfestation (BSD) associated with biomass incorporation was investigated to observe the effects of the treatment on the changes and recovery of the microbial community in a commercial greenhouse setting. Chloropicrin (CP) was also used for soil disinfestation to compare with the effects of BSD.(More)
A strictly anaerobic, mesophilic, cellulolytic bacterial strain, designated CDT-1(T), was isolated from rice-straw residue from a methanogenic reactor treating waste from cattle farms. The isolation was performed using enrichment culture with filter paper as a substrate. Cells stained Gram-negative, but reacted Gram-positively in the KOH test. Cells were(More)
A strictly anaerobic bacterial strain (WN081(T)) was isolated from rice-straw residue in a methanogenic reactor treating waste from cattle farms in Japan. Cells were Gram-staining negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming straight rods. The strain grew rather well on PY agar slants supplemented with a B-vitamin mixture as well as sugars (PYV4S medium) and(More)
Facultatively anaerobic bacterial strains (A48(T), RR25 and RR54) were isolated from roots of living rice plants in an irrigated rice-field in Japan. The three strains had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and showed almost the same phenotypic properties examined. Cells of the strains were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming rods. Reproduction of cells was by(More)
Two strictly anaerobic bacterial strains (SV434(T) and S562) were isolated from rice-straw residue in a methanogenic reactor treating waste from cattle farms in Japan. They had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and showed almost the same phenotypic properties. The cells of both strains were Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods; extraordinarily(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization has shown that cells labeled with an Archaea-specific probe (ARCH915) accounted for approximately 10% of the total cell count in oil-contaminated groundwater accumulated at the bottom of an underground crude oil storage cavity. Although chemical analyses have revealed vigorous consumption of nitrate in cavity groundwater,(More)