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OBJECTIVE To examine the therapeutic activity of hydrophilic glucocorticoid encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles, which have shown slow release and are targeted to inflamed joints after intravenous administration, in experimental arthritis models. METHODS Betamethasone sodium phosphate (BSP) encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles with a size of 100-200 nm(More)
The anabolic effect of salmon calcitonin (SCT) on skeletal tissue was examined on glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia in female rats (12 weeks old). By the administration of methylprednisolone acetate (MPA: 0.1 mg/kg, s.c., 3 times/week) for 8 weeks, histomorphometrically detectable osteopenia with the characteristics of decreased bone formation and increased(More)
Mevastatin (3-10 microM) and fluvastatin (0.1-10 microM), but not pravastatin, were found to promote calcification of MC3T3-E1 cells and their subclone MC4, in either the presence or absence of 3 mM inorganic phosphate stimulus. The mechanism of action was examined. Gel retardation assay and immunocytochemical analysis of core binding factor (Cbfa1)(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop poly(D,L-lactic/glycolic acid) (PLGA) or poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles of less than 200 nm in diameter that encapsulated water-soluble corticosteroid derivatives for sustained release and targeting to inflammatory sites. Nanoparticles were prepared with PLGA (or PLA), zinc, betamethasone phosphate and(More)
Two types of bisphosphonates (BPs), incadronate (INC) and etidronate (ETI) accelerated phosphate (Pi)-primed mineralization of MC4 cells in a subnanomolar dose range. Intracellular signaling pathways involved were examined. 1) The effect of INC but not ETI was partially suppressed by two mevalonate (MVA) pathway metabolites, farnesylpyrophosphate (FPP) and(More)
Glucocorticoids are important mediators of the stress response and are commonly employed as drugs for the suppression of immune rejection after organ transplantation. Previous investigations uncovered the possibility of mood depression in patients undergoing long-term treatment with synthetic glucocorticoids, including dexamethasone (DEX). Exogenous(More)
Recent studies reported that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) may be an endogenous paracrine and/or autocrine factor that is used for intercellular communication in bone cells and between multiple organs regulating bone homeostasis. In the present study, we showed that the administration of MDL11939, a selective 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, reduced bone(More)
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) supplement is generally used to accelerate mineralization of cultured bone cells but the mechanism of action is totally unknown. How the action is related with the transactivation of Runx2/Cbfa1,a master gene product of bone formation,was examined. Clonal bone cells (osteoblastic MC3T3-E1, chondrocytic ATDC5 and osteocytic MLO-Y4)(More)
Major depression is a complex disorder characterized by genetic and environmental interactions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) effectively treat depression. Neurogenesis following chronic antidepressant treatment activates brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the SSRI fluvoxamine(More)
ATDC5 cells were employed to examine how inorganic phosphate (Pi) influences chondrocytic bone formation. 1) Pi (3 - 30 mM) plus ascorbic acid (50 microg/ml) dose-dependently accelerated proliferative differentiation and mineralization of ATDC5. 2) Northern blot analysis revealed that 10 mM Pi suppressed expression of type II collagen and PTH (parathyroid(More)