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Mevastatin (3-10 microM) and fluvastatin (0.1-10 microM), but not pravastatin, were found to promote calcification of MC3T3-E1 cells and their subclone MC4, in either the presence or absence of 3 mM inorganic phosphate stimulus. The mechanism of action was examined. Gel retardation assay and immunocytochemical analysis of core binding factor (Cbfa1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the therapeutic activity of hydrophilic glucocorticoid encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles, which have shown slow release and are targeted to inflamed joints after intravenous administration, in experimental arthritis models. METHODS Betamethasone sodium phosphate (BSP) encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles with a size of 100-200 nm(More)
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) supplement is generally used to accelerate mineralization of cultured bone cells but the mechanism of action is totally unknown. How the action is related with the transactivation of Runx2/Cbfa1,a master gene product of bone formation,was examined. Clonal bone cells (osteoblastic MC3T3-E1, chondrocytic ATDC5 and osteocytic MLO-Y4)(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Reelin regulates neuronal positioning in cortical brain structures and neuronal migration via binding to the lipoprotein receptors Vldlr and Lrp8. Reeler mutant mice display severe brain morphological defects and behavioral abnormalities. Several reports have implicated reelin signaling in the etiology of neurodevelopmental and(More)
Glucocorticoids are important mediators of the stress response and are commonly employed as drugs for the suppression of immune rejection after organ transplantation. Previous investigations uncovered the possibility of mood depression in patients undergoing long-term treatment with synthetic glucocorticoids, including dexamethasone (DEX). Exogenous(More)
Recent studies reported that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) may be an endogenous paracrine and/or autocrine factor that is used for intercellular communication in bone cells and between multiple organs regulating bone homeostasis. In the present study, we showed that the administration of MDL11939, a selective 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, reduced bone(More)
Two types of bisphosphonates (BPs), incadronate (INC) and etidronate (ETI) accelerated phosphate (Pi)-primed mineralization of MC4 cells in a subnanomolar dose range. Intracellular signaling pathways involved were examined. 1) The effect of INC but not ETI was partially suppressed by two mevalonate (MVA) pathway metabolites, farnesylpyrophosphate (FPP) and(More)
Significant inter-individual variability of exposure for CYP2C19 substrates may be only partly due to genetic polymorphism. Therefore, the in vivo inter-individual variability in hepatic intrinsic clearance (CL(int,h)) of CYP2C19 substrates was estimated from reported AUC values using Monte Carlo simulations. The coefficient of variation (CV) for CL(int,h)(More)
The anabolic effect of salmon calcitonin (SCT) on skeletal tissue was examined on glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia in female rats (12 weeks old). By the administration of methylprednisolone acetate (MPA: 0.1 mg/kg, s.c., 3 times/week) for 8 weeks, histomorphometrically detectable osteopenia with the characteristics of decreased bone formation and increased(More)
Major depression is a complex disorder characterized by genetic and environmental interactions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) effectively treat depression. Neurogenesis following chronic antidepressant treatment activates brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the SSRI fluvoxamine(More)