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The clinicopathologic features of two Japanese sisters with cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL) are described. Neither patient had a history of hypertension, and both experienced cerebrovascular events before reaching their forties. Severe degenerative changes in the lumbar spine and knee(More)
BACKGROUND This multicentre open-label trial examined the efficacy and safety of the traditional Japanese medicine, or Kampo medicine, yokukansan (YKS), for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. METHODS Sixty-three dementia with Lewy bodies patients with probable BPSD (M:W, 30:33; mean age,(More)
Two familial cerebro-vascular diseases characterized by different cerebral arterial pathologies and presenting in non-hypertensive young and middle-aged adults are described. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is characterized by the deposition of smudged periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive(More)
Primary hyperparathyroidism was investigated using the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) from the immunohistochemical viewpoint with an anti-bFGF antibody in hyperplastic parathyroid glands of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN-I) and of patients with non-MEN. The results corresponded well with the data from the DNA(More)
An 8-month-old girl presented with a painless mass on her left shoulder that was noticed by her mother. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a well-defined subcutaneous cystic mass. The excised cyst was lined with ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium with occasional goblet cells and diagnosed as a bronchogenic cyst. She made(More)
Hypercalcemia with concomitant elevation of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) levels was found in a patient with advanced gastric carcinoma and multiple liver metastases. The most common features are hypercalcemia associated with hypersecretion of PTHrP and physiological suppression of PTH secretion in the syndrome of humoral(More)
To date, the presence of amyloidosis associated with immunoglobulin heavy chain (AH amyloidosis) was reported in only 7 cases. Although AH amyloidosis is caused mainly by plasma cell dyscrasia, as in AL amyloidosis, we report a 61-year-old patient who presented with nephrotic syndrome caused by AH amyloidosis associated with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma.(More)
Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL) is a distinctive clinicopathologic entity characterized by young adult-onset non-hypertensive vasculopathic encephalopathy accompanied by alopecia and disco-vertebral degeneration. CARASIL arteriopathy is histopathologically characterized by intense(More)