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Exposure of the fetal brain to ionizing radiation causes congenital brain abnormalities. Normal brain formation requires regionally and temporally appropriate proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) into neurons and glia. Here, we investigated the effects of X-irradiation on proliferating homogenous NSCs prepared from mouse ES cells.(More)
Little is known about the effects of professional oral health care (POHC) on the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We evaluated the effects of POHC given by dentists and dental hygienists on the development of oral mucositis and febrile neutropenia (FN) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We retrospectively studied(More)
Severe oral mucositis developed in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) accompanies intolerable pain and risk for systemic bacteremia infection. Conventional stem cell transplantation (CST) and reduced-intensity regimens for allogeneic HSCT (RIST) may differently affect the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis. Here, we(More)
Human HOX genes consist of 39 genes and encode transcription factors that function as master developmental regulators. We hypothesized that the misexpression of HOX genes was associated with carcinogenesis and malignant progression. The expression levels of 39 HOX genes in 31 human oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 11 dysplasia, and 10 normal mucosa(More)
Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells may differentiate into neurons in vitro. This is valuable in the study of neurogenesis and in the generation of donor cells for neuronal transplantation. Here we show that astrocyte-derived factors instruct mouse and primate ES cells to differentiate into neurons. Cultured in astrocyte-conditioned medium (ACM) under(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to elucidate the association between masticatory ability and physical performance in community-dwelling edentulous older adults wearing complete dentures. BACKGROUND Physical performance parameters are significant predictors of decreased activities of daily living. Previous studies have shown the relationships between oral(More)
Mycoplasmal membrane diacylated lipoproteins not only initiate proinflammatory responses through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR6 via the activation of the transcriptional factor NF-kappaB, but also initiate apoptotic responses. The aim of this study was to clarify the apoptotic machineries. Mycoplasma fermentans lipoproteins and a synthetic lipopeptide,(More)
Osteoporosis is associated with many etiological causes such as nutrition, cytokines, hormones, and aging. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be responsible for the aging process and osteoporosis. We investigated the relationship between ROS and bone metabolism in young female and postmenopausal rats, by using dietary iron overload(More)
The diacylated lipopeptide FSL-1 enhanced the generation of IgG antibodies in TLR2(+/+) mice, but not in TLR2(-/-) mice, when administered together with hen egg lysozyme as an antigen. Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide enhanced the generation of antigen-specific antibodies in both TLR2(-/-) and TLR2(+/+) mice. In TLR2(+/+) mice, the level of enhancement(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess relationships among perceived chewing ability, dentition status, muscle strength and balance in community-dwelling older adults using analysis of moment structures (Amos). BACKGROUND Physical performance parameters such as muscle strength and balance can predict the future onset of disabilities in activities(More)