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It is well known that head-twitch response (HTR) in mice represents hallucinations, since administration of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) produces hallucinations in humans, and the HTR in mice is induced by administration of LSD as a hallucinogen. The HTR is produced by excitation of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2A receptors. In this paper, we review the(More)
Aristolochic acids (AA), present in Aristolochia plants, are the toxin responsible for Chinese herbs nephropathy (CHN), a rapidly progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). To clarify the mechanisms of the development of CHN, we tried to induce TIN in mice using AA. Three strains of inbred mice, BALB/c, C3H/He and C57BL/6, received 2.5 mg kg(-1) of AA(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent regulator in the cardiovascular system; it is generated by the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) family of proteins. NO produced in endothelial cells plays a crucial role in vascular functions. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of diabetes on aortic NO synthesis in a model of genetic hypertension and determine whether(More)
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO, EC 1.4.3.6) is a group of enzymes highly sensitive to inhibition by semicarbazide. This high sensitivity distinguishes these enzymes from monoamine oxidase (MAO). Various mammalian tissues contain membrane-bound SSAO which metabolizes only the primary monoamines. Vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle cells have(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the understanding and attitude of Japanese patients towards generic drug substitutions. METHOD The subjects were male and female patients, who purchased their prescription medications at a pharmacy. A questionnaire was created to assess their attitudes towards generic drugs. RESULTS Of 1215 respondents,(More)
Morphine and oxycodone are widely used in the therapy for cancer pain. Although some previous studies have reported that morphine induces immunosuppression and oxycodone does not, whether this is true for human infections is unclear. We performed a retrospective study on the correlation between the administration of morphine or oxycodone and the development(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate Japanese community pharmacists’ attitudes toward and their recommendation of generic substitution, and to identify the barriers towards performing generic substitution. A questionnaire survey was conducted from June 2007 to December 2008. A total of 1,590 community pharmacists working for 449 community pharmacies whose(More)
To assess the attitudes of the Japanese general public towards pharmacogenomics research and a DNA bank for identifying genomic markers associated with ADRs and their willingness to donate DNA samples, we conducted a national survey for 1,103 Japanese adults from the general public, not a patient population. The response rate was 36.8%. The majority of the(More)
The evaluation of the progression of renal insufficiency, or decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), has been approached more simply and precisely by converting measured serum creatinine value into the reciprocal of serum creatinine, estimated GFR, or other parameters. Doubling of serum creatinine (simple doubling) is conveniently used as a surrogate(More)
Accelerated nephrotoxic serum (NTS) nephritis is successfully produced in C57BL/6 mice, using anti-murine glomerular basement membrane (GBM) rabbit antiserum. Anti-murine GBM rabbits antiserum was obtained by immunization of New Zealand white rabbit with trypsinized GBM antigen from normal C57BL/6 mice. Preimmunization with normal rabbit IgG and injection(More)