Learn More
Capsaicin (N-vanillyl-8-methyl-1-nonenamide) is a homovanillic acid derivative found in pungent fruits. Several investigators have reported the ability of capsaicin to inhibit events associated with the promotion of cancer. However, the effects of capsaicin on human leukemic cells have never been investigated. We investigated the effects of capsaicin on(More)
Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that plays a critical role in the determination of multiple cellular differentiation pathways and morphogenesis during embryogenesis. The limb bud high-density culture is an established model that recapitulates mesenchymal condensation and chondrocyte differentiation. Reverse transcription-polymerase(More)
The kappa light chain genes from two mutant hybridoma cell lines defective in kappa light chain synthesis were isolated and compared to the wild-type kappa light chain gene. In each case, the mutant kappa light chain genes were found to contain repetitive DNA elements in their intervening sequences that were not present in the intervening sequences of the(More)
The availability of monoclonal antibodies has revived interest in immunotherapy. The ability to influence an individual's immune state by administering immunoglobulin of the appropriate specificity may provide a powerful approach to disease control and prevention. Compared with immunoglobulin from other species, human immunoglobulin (Ig) might be best for(More)
Notch is a transmembrane protein that plays a critical role in the determination of cellular differentiation pathways. Although its importance in the development of mesenchymal tissues has been suggested, its role in skeletal tissues has not been well investigated. Northern blot experiments showed the expression of Notch1 in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells at(More)
A 6-yr-old girl with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is described. She had a mediastinal mass and her leukemic cells expressed T cell-associated antigens (Leu 1+, OKT3+, OKT9+, and OKT10+). When we examined genomic DNA from the leukemic cells, we detected Ig mu-chain gene rearrangement with germ-line configuration of light chain genes. As reported(More)
The Ets transcription factor PU.1 is a hematopoietic master regulator essential for the development of myeloid and B-cell lineages. As we previously reported, PU.1 sometimes represses transcription on forming a complex with mSin3A-histone deacetyl transferase-MeCP2. Here, we show an interaction between PU.1 and DNA methyltransferases, DNA methyltransferase(More)
In this study, we investigated the relationship between the expression levels of self-antigen and the function of self-reactive T cells in the periphery. To this end, we used two rat insulin promoter-ovalbumin (RIP-OVA) transgenic mice (RIP-OVA(high), RIP-OVA(low)) in which was produced only in pancreatic beta-islet cells. The OVA-producing transgenic mice(More)
Plasmodium berghei ANKA causes lethal malaria in mice. It is well established that C57BL/6 mice die early with fulminant symptoms including convulsion, whereas BALB/c mice survive this phase and die later of anemia and prostration. Early death in C57BL/6 mice has been considered to result from the adverse effects of inflammatory cytokines. To elucidate the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was to determine the antileukemic effects of 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) obtained from rhizomes of the commonly used ethno-medicinal plant Languas galanga (Zingiberaceae). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We evaluated the effects of ACA on various myeloid leukemic cells in vitro and in vivo. We further examined the(More)