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A variety of different isoforms of voltage-sensitive Na+ channels have now been identified. The recent three-dimensional analysis of Na+ channels has unveiled a unique and unexpected structure of the Na+ channel protein. Na+ channels can be classified into two categories on the basis of their amino acid sequence, Nav1 isoforms currently comprising nine(More)
Small dorsal root ganglion neurons express preferentially the Na+ channel isoform Na(v)1.9 that mediates a tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na+ current. We investigated properties of the Na+ current mediated by Na(v)1.9 (I(NaN)) using the whole-cell, patch-clamp recording technique. To isolate I(NaN) from heterogeneous TTX-R Na+ currents that also contain(More)
Small (<25 microm in diameter) neurons of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) express multiple voltage-gated Na(+) channel subtypes, two of which being resistant to tetrodotoxin (TTX). Each subtype mediates Na(+) current with distinct kinetic property. However, it is not known how each type of Na(+) channel contributes to the generation of action potentials in(More)
The properties of voltage-gated Na+ channels were studied in neurones isolated from rat dorsal root ganglia using the outside-out configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Two types of single-channel currents were identified from the difference in unit amplitudes. Neither type was evoked in the medium in which extracellular Na+ ions were replaced by an(More)
The mechanism underlying the enhancement of the high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ current (ICa) after application of baclofen, a GABAB agonist, in neurones of the rat dorsal root ganglia was studied by a combined use of the nystatin perforated patch clamp recording and our rapid superfusion system. Baclofen (50 microM) decreased the peak amplitude of HVA(More)
One possible mechanism underlying inflammation-induced sensitization of the primary afferent neuron is the upregulation of tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na(+) current by inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins. This notion is based on reports that showed an augmentation of TTX-R Na(+) current following an application of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in(More)
Sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglion express two kinds of tetrodotoxin resistant (TTX-R) isoforms of voltage-gated sodium channels, Na(V)1.8 and Na(V)1.9. These isoforms play key roles in the pathophysiology of chronic pain. Of special interest is Na(V)1.9: our previous studies revealed a unique property of the Na(V)1.9 current, i.e., the Na(V)1.9(More)
This study was conducted to determine whether Na(v)1.8 contributes to the release and/or synthesis of substance P (SP) in adult mice dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. The SP released from cultured DRG neurons of Na(v)1.8 knock-out mice exposed to either capsaicin or KCl was significantly lower than that from wild-type (C57BL/6) mice based on a(More)