Nobuko Ohmoto

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Purpose. To evaluate the MDR1 genotype frequency in the Japanese population and to study the relationship between the MDR1 genotype and the pharmacokinetics of digoxin after single oral administration in healthy subjects. Methods. The MDR1 genotype at exon 26 was determined in 114 healthy volunteers by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length(More)
The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, pravastatin, was compared with simvastatin and lovastatin from the viewpoint of susceptibility to interaction with or via the multidrug transporter, MDR1 (P-glycoprotein). This was carried out using the MDR1-overexpressing cell line LLC-GA5-COL150, established by transfection of MDR1(More)
The cytotoxic effects of 27 anticancer drugs including amrubicin, vinorelbine, paclitaxel, docetaxel, gemcitabine, and irinotecan were evaluated in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells, and drug-resistant HeLa-derived Hvrl-1, HvrlO-6, and Hvr100-6 cells, which were newly established by stepwise exposure to vinblastine. FACS and RT-PCR analysis indicated that(More)
In this study, the antiproliferative effects of vinblastine (VLB), paclitaxel (TXL), doxorubicin (DXR), daunorubicin (DNR) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were assessed in the human cervical carcinoma cell line HeLa-Ohio (HeLa) and Hvr100-6 cells, established by growing the parental HeLa cells in the presence of progressively greater concentrations of VLB in the(More)
St John's wort (SJW) is Hypericum perforatum L., Hypericaceae, a herbaceous perennial plant native to Europe and Asia, and its various preparations are widely used for the treatment of mild-to-moderately severe depressive disorders. With increasingly prevalent use, the interactions with SJW preparations with co-administered drugs have been reported,(More)
The expression levels of mRNAs for MDR1 (P-glycoprotein), multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRP1, MRP2), and cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) in Caco-2 cells were quantitatively compared with those in human duodenal enterocytes, normal colorectal tissues, and colorectal adenocarcinomas. Caco-2 cells (passages 36-88) were kindly supplied by several(More)
The effects of 12 Ca(2+) antagonists on MDR1 were examined by two independent models: the inhibitory effect on MDR1-mediated transport of [(3)H]digoxin using MDR1-overexpressing LLC-GA5-COL150 cell monolayers and the reversal effect on cytotoxicity of vinblastine or paclitaxel using MDR1-overexpressing Hvr100-6 cells. The inhibitory effects on [(3)H]digoxin(More)
In this paper, the effects of H2O2, a typical reactive oxygen species (ROS), on cell proliferation or death were examined using the human cervical carcinoma cell line HeLa and its MDR1-overexpressing subline, Hvr100-6, which was established by stepwise exposure to vinblastine. It was confirmed that the growth of HeLa cells was enhanced by H2O2 at relatively(More)
In previous reports, the effects of 12 Ca2+ antagonists on a multidrug resistant transporter, P-glycoprotein/MDR1, were evaluated in terms of those on MDR1-mediated transport of [3H]digoxin and the sensitivity of vinblastine sulfate or paclitaxel, and they were able to be classified into 4 subgroups based on their actions, as those with transport inhibition(More)
Previously, we have adapted a recently developed three-dimensional chemosensitivity test, the collagen gel droplet embedded culture drug sensitivity test (CD-DST), for evaluation of chemosensitivity of 12 anticancer drugs against colorectal adenocarcinoma, and surprisingly, it was found that tumor growth enhancement was occasionally observed even after(More)