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IMP dehydrogenase (IMPDH) catalyzes the pivotal step in guanine nucleotide biosynthesis. Here we show that both IMPDH type 1 (IMPDH1) and IMPDH type 2 are associated with polyribosomes, suggesting that these housekeeping proteins have an unanticipated role in translation regulation. This interaction is mediated by the subdomain, a region of disputed(More)
We have developed a chip-based biosensor for multiplex analysis of protein analytes. The biosensor utilizes immobilized DNA and RNA aptamers, selected against several different protein targets, to simultaneously detect and quantify levels of individual proteins in complex biological mixtures. Aptamers were each fluorescently labeled and immobilized on a(More)
We have used chimeras and point mutations of recombinant coagulation factor IX to examine factor IX's specific interaction with bovine endothelial cells. Previously (Toomey, J. R., Smith, K. J., Roberts, H. R., and Stafford, D. W. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 1806-1808), we restricted the region of factor IX responsible for binding to endothelial cells to its(More)
Factor X (FX) is a vitamin K-dependent plasma protein required for the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of blood coagulation. FXSanto Domingo is a hereditary FX deficiency which is characterized clinically by a severe bleeding diathesis. The proposita has a FX activity of less than 1% and a FX antigen of less than 5%. We have determined the molecular basis(More)
The alpha 1-adrenergic receptors (alpha 1-AR) belong to the G-protein coupled seven-transmembrane biogenic amine receptor family. Three subtypes have been successfully cloned in the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor family, and they share 50% identical amino acid sequences and 70% similarity. We have constructed seven chimeric receptors of the alpha 1A-AR. Each(More)
Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo biosynthesis of guanine nucleotides. In addition to the catalytic domain, IMPDH contains a subdomain of unknown function composed of two cystathione beta-synthase domains. Our results, using three different assays, show that IMPDHs from Tritrichomonas foetus,(More)
To develop a suitable vector and an administration technique for in vivo gene transfer, the tissue distribution of plasmid DNA (pDNA) needs to be understood. In this study, a novel residualizing radiolabel for pDNA was developed. 4-[p-Azidosalicylamido]butylamine (ASBA) was coupled with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) anhydride, then the conjugate(More)
This study was designed to identify functionally important factor IX (FIX) residues. Using recombinant techniques and cell culture, we produced a mutant FIX with arginine at 338 changed to alanine (R338A-FIX). This molecule had approximately 3 times greater clotting activity than that of wild type FIX (wt-FIX) in the activated partial thromboplastin assay.(More)
BACKGROUND Hemophilia B is an X-linked inherited disorder caused by the lack of functional factor IX (FIX). Currently, treatment of hemophilia B is performed by intravenous infusion of plasma-derived or recombinant FIX. OBJECTIVE In an effort to reduce factor usage and cost, we investigated the potential use of FIX variants with enhanced specific clotting(More)
Factor IXLong Beach has a single amino acid substitution at 397 (Ile to Thr) in the catalytic domain which results in severe hemophilia B. Recent investigations have shown that the substitution of threonine for isoleucine at 397 may affect a part of the macromolecular substrate binding site. Because threonine has a hydroxyl group in its side chain, it is(More)